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Table 1 Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria for Peer-Reviewed Literature

From: The effects of emergency medical service work on the psychological, physical, and social well-being of ambulance personnel: a systematic review of qualitative research

Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria
Paramedic/Emergency Medical Service EMS)-based populations including the following roles and terms: paramedic, ambulance personnel, community paramedic, intensive care paramedic, emergency medical technician, emergency medical personnel, emergency dispatch personnel, emergency call-takers, ambulance volunteers, out-of-hospital or pre-hospital paramedic Not specific to paramedic/EMS-based populations; focused on other ESFR populations (fire, police, state emergency services)
Studies focus on undergraduates studying to become Ambulance personnel
Emergency service first responder (ESFR) studies in which data for paramedic populations is clearly articulated and distinguish from other ESFR populations
Not available in the English language
Interventions related to mental health, psychological wellbeing, work related stress, physical health Published prior to 2000
Outcomes related to mental health, psychological wellbeing, work related stress, physical health Non-peer-reviewed literature
Published in the English language Editorials, opinion pieces
Systematic reviews (provided they reported at least one qualitative study) Quantitative data only reported
Published January 1st 2000–2018 Based on a single incident (e.g. disaster, terrorism) or focused on a specific case type/patient cohort (e.g. children, end-of-life care, CPR performance, Ebola, forensic)
Peer-reviewed literature
Reported an empirical study
Other identified reviews (e.g., narrative, scoping, rapid)
Used qualitative data collection methods (for all, or some, components of the research)