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  1. Content type: Research article

    Prompt mental health care (PMHC) is a Norwegian initiative, inspired by the English ‘Improving Access to Psychological Therapy’ (IAPT), aimed to provide low-threshold access to primary care treatment for perso...

    Authors: Marit Knapstad, Tine Nordgreen and Otto R. F. Smith

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:260

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Expressed emotion (EE) is a global index of familial emotional climate, which is comprised of emotional over-involvement (EOI) and critical comments (CC)/hostility. Although EE is an established predictor of n...

    Authors: Mary Gemma Cherry, Peter James Taylor, Stephen Lloyd Brown and William Sellwood

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:257

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist (PCL) is a valid and reliable self-report measure for the assessment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Recently the PCL was updated according to the DSM-5 cri...

    Authors: Hawkar Ibrahim, Verena Ertl, Claudia Catani, Azad Ali Ismail and Frank Neuner

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:259

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Childhood trauma (CT) has been found to contribute to the onset of schizophrenia and auditory sensory gating deficit is a leading endophenotype for schizophrenia. However, the association between the CT and se...

    Authors: Xian-Bin Li, Qi-Jing Bo, Qing Tian, Ning-Bo Yang, Zhen Mao, Wei Zheng, Yu-Jie Wen and Chuan-Yue Wang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:258

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Depression is the most prevalent psychiatric disorder among people living with HIV (PLWHIV) and is associated with poor quality of life, additional comorbidities, disability, unemployment, poorer therapeutic o...

    Authors: Getinet Ayano, Melat Solomon and Mebratu Abraha

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:254

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  6. Content type: Research article

    People with severe mental illness have markedly reduced life expectancy; cardiometabolic disease is a major cause. Psychiatric hospital inpatients have elevated levels of cardiometabolic risk factors and are t...

    Authors: Petter Andreas Ringen, Ragnhild S. Falk, Bjørnar Antonsen, Ann Faerden, Asgeir Mamen, Eline B. Rognli, Dag K. Solberg, Egil W. Martinsen and Ole A. Andreassen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:255

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Police mental health street triage is an increasingly common intervention when dealing with police incidents in which there is a suspected mental health component. We conducted a systematic review of street tr...

    Authors: Stephen Puntis, Devon Perfect, Abirami Kirubarajan, Sorcha Bolton, Fay Davies, Aimee Hayes, Eli Harriss and Andrew Molodynski

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:256

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS) affects about one-third of individuals with schizophrenia. People with TRS do not experience sustained symptom relief and at the same time have the most severe disease-r...

    Authors: Cecilia Brain, Steven Kymes, Dana B. DiBenedetti, Thomas Brevig and Dawn I. Velligan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:253

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  9. Content type: Study protocol

    Patients with comorbid depression and personality disorders suffer from a heavy disease burden while tailored treatment options are limited, accounting for a high psychological and economic burden. Little is k...

    Authors: Marit Kool, Henricus L. Van, Anna Bartak, Saskia C. M. de Maat, Arnoud Arntz, Johanna W. van den Eshof, Jaap Peen, Matthijs Blankers, Judith E. Bosmans and Jack J. M. Dekker

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:252

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  10. Content type: Study protocol

    Many patients residing in forensic psychiatric centers have difficulties regulating their aggression in an adequate manner. Therefore, they are frequently involved in conflicts. Evidenced-based aggression ther...

    Authors: Stéphanie Klein Tuente, Stefan Bogaerts, Sarah van IJzendoorn and Wim Veling

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:251

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Community-based rehabilitation (CBR), or community-based inclusive development, is an approach to address the complex health, social and economic needs of people with schizophrenia in low and middle-income cou...

    Authors: Laura Asher, Charlotte Hanlon, Rahel Birhane, Alehegn Habtamu, Julian Eaton, Helen A. Weiss, Vikram Patel, Abebaw Fekadu and Mary De Silva

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:250

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Schizophrenia (SCZ) is associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). The potential diabetogenic effect of concomitant application of psychotropic treatment classes in patients with SCZ has not yet b...

    Authors: Vasiliki Mamakou, Sophie Hackinger, Eleni Zengini, Evgenia Tsompanaki, Eirini Marouli, Ioannis Serafetinidis, Bram Prins, Athina Karabela, Eirini Glezou, Lorraine Southam, Nigel W. Rayner, Karoline Kuchenbaecker, Klea Lamnissou, Vassilis Kontaxakis, George Dedoussis, Fragiskos Gonidakis…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:249

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    People with severe mental illness (SMI) are more likely to experience criminal victimization than other community members. In addition, (self-) stigma and perceived discrimination are highly prevalent in this ...

    Authors: Wendy M. M. Albers, Diana P. K. Roeg, Yolanda Nijssen, Inge M. B. Bongers and Jaap van Weeghel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:247

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Mutations in voltage-gated sodium channel (SCN) genes are supposed to be of importance in the etiology of psychiatric and neurological diseases, in particular in the etiology of seizures. Previous studies report ...

    Authors: Kathrin Nickel, Ludger Tebartz van Elst, Katharina Domschke, Birgitta Gläser, Friedrich Stock, Dominique Endres, Simon Maier and Andreas Riedel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:248

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Hyperprolactinemia and glucose and lipid metabolism abnormalities are often found in patients with schizophrenia and are generally considered secondary to the use of antipsychotic drugs. More recent studies ha...

    Authors: Maria Giuseppina Petruzzelli, Mariella Margari, Antonia Peschechera, Concetta de Giambattista, Andrea De Giacomo, Emilia Matera and Francesco Margari

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:246

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Despite renewed interest in studying the safety and efficacy of psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy for the treatment of psychological disorders, the enrollment of racially diverse participants and the unique p...

    Authors: Timothy I. Michaels, Jennifer Purdon, Alexis Collins and Monnica T. Williams

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:245

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Though several epidemiological surveys of psychiatric disorders have been carried out in China, only a few of them are concerned about the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in central Hunan and reveal the di...

    Authors: Yan-Mei Shen, Bella Siu Man Chan, Jian-Bo Liu, Yuan-Yue Zhou, Xi-Long Cui, Yu-Qiong He, Yu-min Fang, Yu-Tao Xiang and Xue-Rong Luo

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:243

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Alteration in thyroid activity is a well-known cause of symptoms mimicking psychiatric disorders. There are reports on altered levels of thyroid hormones in patients with certain psychiatric disorders compared...

    Authors: Yuki Sakai, Valentina Iversen and Solveig Klæbo Reitan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:244

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Intensive delivery of evidence-based treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is becoming increasingly popular for overcoming barriers to treatment for veterans. Understanding how and for whom these ...

    Authors: Alyson K. Zalta, Philip Held, Dale L. Smith, Brian J. Klassen, Ashton M. Lofgreen, Patricia S. Normand, Michael B. Brennan, Thad S. Rydberg, Randy A. Boley, Mark H. Pollack and Niranjan S. Karnik

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:242

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Positive psychology interventions are brief self-adminstered exercises designed to promote positive emotions, behaviours, or thoughts. They are potentially effective for reducing depression and are considered ...

    Authors: Sophie Walsh, Justina Kaselionyte, Stephanie J. C. Taylor and Stefan Priebe

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:240

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Emerging evidence suggests a possible etiologic role of certain personality traits (not necessary dysfunctional) in the risk of depression, but the longitudinal long-term available evidence is currently scarce...

    Authors: Francisca Lahortiga-Ramos, Cristian Raquel Unzueta, Itziar Zazpe, Susana Santiago, Patricio Molero, Almudena Sánchez-Villegas and Miguel Ángel Martínez-González

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:241

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  22. Content type: Research article

    More systematic use of evidence-based brief therapies is needed in the treatment of depression within psychiatric care. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of behavioral activation therapy (BA) for...

    Authors: Kaisa E. Luoto, Lars H. Lindholm, Vesa Paavonen, Antti Koivukangas, Antero Lassila, Esa Leinonen and Olli Kampman

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:238

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Immune dysfunction could play a significant role in the pathogenesis of bipolar disorder (BD) and schizophrenia (SZ), conditions with an underlying pro-inflammatory state. Studies on humoral immune responses (...

    Authors: Nora Hamdani, Djaouida Bengoufa, Ophélia Godin, Raphaël Doukhan, Emmanuel Le Guen, Claire Daban-Huard, Meriem Bennabi, Marine Delavest, Jean-Pierre Lépine, Wahid Boukouaci, Hakim Laouamri, Josselin Houenou, Stéphane Jamain, Jean-Romain Richard, Philippe Lecorvosier, Robert Yolken…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:239

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    Self-control in childhood has been linked to long-term and cascading effects on health, academic, criminality, wealth and parenting outcomes. Hence it is important to target self-control deficits early in life...

    Authors: Nienke M. Siebelink, Susan M. Bögels, Lisanne M. Boerboom, Noor de Waal, Jan K. Buitelaar, Anne E. Speckens and Corina U. Greven

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:237

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is one of the most controversial treatments in psychiatry. This controversy and diverse and often strongly held opinions can make decision making processes around ECT more complex.

    Authors: Karen Wells, Justin Newton Scanlan, Lisa Gomez, Scott Rutter, Nicola Hancock, Anthony Tuite, Joanna Ho, Sarah Jacek, Andrew Jones, Hassan Mehdi, Megan Still and Graeme Halliday

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:236

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The internal suicide debate hypothesis assumes that in a suicidal crisis, individuals are involved in an internal struggle over whether to live or die. Reasons for living (RFL) and Reasons for dying (RFD) are ...

    Authors: Juliane Brüdern, Annabarbara Stähli, Anja Gysin-Maillart, Konrad Michel, Thomas Reisch, David A. Jobes and Jeannette Brodbeck

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:234

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  27. Content type: Study protocol

    Comorbid psychiatric disorders are frequent in children with intellectual disability (ID). Given the limitations of drugs treatments, cognitive remediation could be a promising tool to reduce these challenging...

    Authors: Emilie Favre, Elodie Peyroux, Marie-Noelle Babinet, Alice Poisson and Caroline Demily

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:235

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Data on the prevalence of insomnia symptoms in medical outpatient clinics in China are lacking. This study examined the prevalence of insomnia symptoms and their socio-demographic correlates in patients treate...

    Authors: Wei Zheng, Xin-Ni Luo, Hai-Yan Li, Xiao-Yin Ke, Qing Dai, Chan-Juan Zhang, Chee H. Ng, Gabor S. Ungvari, Yu-Tao Xiang and Yu-Ping Ning

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:232

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Although Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) is an evidence-based psychosocial treatment for borderline personality disorder (BPD), the demand for it exceeds available resources. The commonly researched 12-mon...

    Authors: Shelley F. McMain, Alexander L. Chapman, Janice R. Kuo, Tim Guimond, David L. Streiner, Katherine L. Dixon-Gordon, Wanrudee Isaranuwatchai and Jeffrey S. Hoch

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:230

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  30. Content type: Research article

    There are interindividual differences in the adverse effects of atypical antipsychotics, which include autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction. Accordingly, to clarify the interindividual differences in the...

    Authors: Saki Hattori, Akira Suda, Ikuko Kishida, Masatoshi Miyauchi, Yohko Shiraishi, Mami Fujibayashi, Natsuki Tsujita, Chie Ishii, Norio Ishii, Toshio Moritani, Masataka Taguri and Yoshio Hirayasu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:231

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Suicide is a leading cause of death among Indigenous Australians. Friends, family and frontline workers (for example, teachers, youth workers) are often best positioned to provide initial assistance if someone...

    Authors: Gregory Armstrong, Natalie Ironfield, Claire M. Kelly, Katrina Dart, Kerry Arabena, Kathy Bond, Nicola Reavley and Anthony F. Jorm

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:228

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Perinatal depression is an important contributor to maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Migrant women, particularly those resettling within low- and middle-income settings, are at increased risk of per...

    Authors: Gracia Fellmeth, Emma H. Plugge, Suphak Nosten, May May Oo, Mina Fazel, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, François Nosten, Raymond Fitzpatrick and Rose McGready

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:229

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  33. Content type: Study protocol

    Lithium is the gold-standard treatment for bipolar disorder, is highly effective in treating major depressive disorder, and has anti-suicidal properties. However, clinicians are increasingly avoiding lithium l...

    Authors: Jocelyn Fotso Soh, Susana G. Torres-Platas, Serge Beaulieu, Outi Mantere, Robert Platt, Istvan Mucsi, Sybille Saury, Suzane Renaud, Andrea Levinson, Ana C. Andreazza, Benoit H. Mulsant, Daniel Müller, Ayal Schaffer, Annemiek Dols, Pablo Cervantes, Nancy CP Low…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:227

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  34. Content type: Research article

    This observational, cross-sectional, retrospective chart review aimed to identify factors determining health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adults with newly diagnosed attention-deficit/hyperactivity disor...

    Authors: E. Ahnemark, M. Di Schiena, A.-C. Fredman, E. Medin, J. K. Söderling and Y. Ginsberg

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:223

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  35. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the rates of hospitalisation for anaemia and depression in women in the six-year period (3 years before and after birth). To compare hospital admissions for depression in women with and without ...

    Authors: Fenglian Xu, Lynette Roberts, Colin Binns, Elizabeth Sullivan and Caroline S. E. Homer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:224

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Widespread cortical gray matter alternations in people with schizophrenia are correlated with both psychotic symptoms and cognitive/behavioral abnormalities, including the impairments of exploratory eye moveme...

    Authors: Linlin Qiu, Hao Yan, Risheng Zhu, Jun Yan, Huishu Yuan, Yonghua Han, Weihua Yue, Lin Tian and Dai Zhang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:226

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  37. Content type: Review

    Research suggests that diagnostic procedures for Autism Spectrum Disorder are not consistent across practice and that diagnostic rates can be affected by contextual and social drivers. The purpose of this revi...

    Authors: Jennie Hayes, Tamsin Ford, Hateem Rafeeque and Ginny Russell

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:222

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The present study investigates the suitability of various treatment outcome indicators to evaluate performance of mental health institutions that provide care to patients with severe mental illness. Several ca...

    Authors: Edwin de Beurs, Matthijs Blankers, Philippe Delespaul, Erik van Duijn, Niels Mulder, Annet Nugter, Wilma Swildens, Bea G. Tiemens, Jan Theunissen, Arno F. A. van Voorst and Jaap van Weeghel

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:225

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  39. Content type: Study protocol

    The primary objective of this randomised controlled trial (RCT) is to establish the effectiveness of a novel online quality of life (QoL) intervention tailored for people with late stage (≥ 10 episodes) bipola...

    Authors: Kathryn Fletcher, Fiona Foley, Neil Thomas, Erin Michalak, Lesley Berk, Michael Berk, Steve Bowe, Sue Cotton, Lidia Engel, Sheri L. Johnson, Steven Jones, Michael Kyrios, Sara Lapsley, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Tania Perich and Greg Murray

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:221

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  40. Content type: Study protocol

    Many former inmates recidivate, resulting in high costs for societies worldwide. Evidence based treatment practices may not work in prisons, due to detainees’ lacking motivation, impaired well-being, and an un...

    Authors: Gerdien Schenk, Hanne M. Duindam, Hanneke E. Creemers, Machteld Hoeve, Geert Jan J. M. Stams and Jessica J. Asscher

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:218

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  41. Content type: Study protocol

    Most mental disorders begin in adolescence; however, there are gaps in our understanding of youth mental health. Clinical and policy gaps arise from our current inability to predict, from amongst all youth who...

    Authors: Jean Addington, Benjamin I. Goldstein, Jian Li Wang, Sidney H. Kennedy, Signe Bray, Catherine Lebel, Stefanie Hassel, Catherine Marshall and Glenda MacQueen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:219

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  42. Content type: Research article

    A newer generation neuropsychological tests can take advantage of touch screen and mobile technology. We have developed a new Android application termed “User eXperience-Trail Making Test (UX-TMT)” for neuroco...

    Authors: Naomi Kokubo, Yuma Yokoi, Yuji Saitoh, Miho Murata, Kazushi Maruo, Yoshitake Takebayashi, Issei Shinmei, Sadanobu Yoshimoto and Masaru Horikoshi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:220

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Population based research regarding social differences in diagnosed depression in adolescence is sparse. In this study unique material containing in-and outpatient data was used to determine if low social posi...

    Authors: Therese Wirback, Jette Möller, Jan-Olov Larsson and Karin Engström

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:216

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Patient and Public Involvement (PPI) in mental health research is increasing, especially in early (pre-funding) stages. PPI is less consistent in later stages, including in analysing qualitative data. The aims...

    Authors: Helen Jennings, Mike Slade, Peter Bates, Emma Munday and Rebecca Toney

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:213

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Anxiety and depressive symptoms and psychotic experiences constitute common features of emerging mental disorders in young people. Psychotic experiences and the ultra-high risk (UHR) state for psychosis appear...

    Authors: Kareen Heinze, Ashleigh Lin, Barnaby Nelson, Renate L. E. P. Reniers, Rachel Upthegrove, Latoya Clarke, Ayesha Roche, Angelique Lowrie and Stephen J. Wood

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:214

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Non-adherence to medication remains a major challenge in the long-term management of patients with schizophrenia. Next to lack of insight into the illness, adverse effects of antipsychotic drugs, cognitive def...

    Authors: Christian G. Widschwendter, Georg Kemmler, Maria A. Rettenbacher, Nursen Yalcin-Siedentopf and Alex Hofer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:212

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  47. Content type: Research article

    The effects of the seaweed extract were evaluated on the animal model equivalent of depression compared with a control group treated with the carrier (spring water) and a reference group treated with Imipramin...

    Authors: François-André Allaert, Hervé Demais and Pi Nyvall Collén

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:215

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Although positive psychology interventions (PPIs) show beneficial effects on mental health in non-clinical populations, the current literature is inconclusive regarding its effectiveness in clinical settings. ...

    Authors: Farid Chakhssi, Jannis T. Kraiss, Marion Sommers-Spijkerman and Ernst T. Bohlmeijer

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2018 18:211

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