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Table 1 Characteristics of persons with SMI included in the analysis

From: Rural vs urban residence and experience of discrimination among people with severe mental illnesses in Ethiopia

Variable Rural residence (N = 239) Urban residence (N = 60) Total (N = 300)
N (%) N (%) N (%)
Sex
 Male 136 (56.9) 36 (60.0) 172 (57.3)
 Female 103 (43.1) 24 (40.0) 128 (42.7)
Education level (N = 299)
 No formal education 99 (41.4) 18 (30.0) 118 (39.3)
 Formal education 140 (58.6) 42 (70.0) 182 (60.7)
Occupation (N = 298)
 Farming 71 (30.0) 5 (8.3) 76 (25.5)
 Self-employed 10 (4.2) 6 (10.0) 16 (5.4)
 Other employed 24 (10.1) 14 (23.3) 38 (12.8)
 House wife 48 (20.3) 10 (16.7) 58 (19.5)
 Unemployed 84 (35.4) 25 (41.7) 110 (36.9)
Socioeconomic status (N = 297)
 Lower poverty 129 (54.4) 47 (79.7) 177 (59.6)
 Higher poverty 108 (45.6) 12 (20.3) 120 (40.4)
Marital status
 Married 88 (36.8) 23 (38.3) 111 (37.0)
 Single, divorced or widowed 151 (63.2) 37 (61.7) 189 (63.0)
Religion
 Orthodox Christian 224 (93.7) 45 (75.0) 270 (90.0)
 Other 15 (6.3) 15 (25.0) 30 (10.0)
Ethnicity
 Gurage 229 (95.8) 54 (90.0) 284 (94.7)
 Other 10 (4.2) 6 (10.0) 16 (5.3)
Diagnosis
 Primary psychotic disorder 208 (87.0) 47 (78.3) 256 (85.3)
 Affective psychosis 31 (13.0) 13 (21.7) 44 (14.7)
AUDIT
 No alcohol use problem (< 8) 171 (71.5) 41 (68.3) 213 (71.0)
 Hazardous use (≥8) 68 (28.5) 19 (31.7) 87 (29.0)
Oslo Social Support (N = 298)
 Poor [3,4,5,6,7,8] 69 (29.1) 22 (36.7) 91 (30.5)
 Intermediate [9,10,11] 127 (53.6) 24 (40.0) 151 (50.7)
 Strong [12,13,14] 41 (17.3) 14 (23.3) 56 (18.8)
  Mean (95% CI) Mean (95% CI) Mean (95% CI)
Age (years) 35.6 (21.8, 49.4) 35.6 (23.8, 47.4) 35.5 (22.1--48.9)
WHODAS 2.0 complex score 44.3 (26.3, 62.3) 40.3 (21.8, 58.8) 43.2 (25.1--61.3)
BPRS-E total score (N = 294) 48.9 (33.5, 64.3) 47.4 (27.9, 60.9) 48.5 (32.9--64.1)
  1. AUDIT Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test, WHODAS World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule, BPRS-E Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale-Expanded Version