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Table 2 Comparisons in clinical presentation characteristics and pathways to care between FEP-C (control) and PROD (prodrome) groups

From: Only a small proportion of patients with first episode psychosis come via prodromal services: a retrospective survey of a large UK mental health programme

Clinical presentation and pathways to care FEP-C (n = 283; 83.7%) PROD (n = 14; 4.1%) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusteda OR (95% CI)
  Median (IQR)/n(%) Median (IQR)/n(%)   
DUP, d 86 (13–368) 19 (6–40) 0.99 (0.96–1.00) 0.99 (0.96–1.00)
Source of referral
 General Practitioner 67 (24.4) 6 (46.2) 2.64 (0.71–9.53) 2.82 (0.75–10.34)
 Emergency services 124 (45.3) 2 (15.4) 0.22 (0.02–1.04) 0.19* (0.02–0.91)
 Health & social worker 34 (12.4) 4 (30.8) 0.38 (0.01–2.71) 0.43 (0.01–3.10)
 Criminal justice agency 49 (17.9) 1 (7.7) 3.12 (0.66–11.96) 3.23 (0.68–12.68)
Mode of onset
 Acute 121 (43.7) 3 (27.3) 0.48 (0.08–2.07) 0.42 (0.07–1.85)
 Gradual 56 (20.2) - 0.26 (0.00–1.63) 0.28 (0.00–1.80)
 Insidious 100 (36.1) 8 (72.7) 4.69* (1.10–28.09) 5.17* (1.18–31.51)
  1. DUP duration of untreated psychosis, GP general practitioner, IQR 25th and 75th Percentiles range, S.D. standard deviation, df degree of freedom, d days, CI confidence intervals, FEP-C (control) group FEP patients who present to mental health services for FEP without prior contact with the prodromal services, PROD (prodrome) group FEP patients who had first presented to the prodromal services with the ARMS and who, by definition, subsequently transitioned to FEP
  2. *p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001
  3. aAdjusted for age at the first contact with mental health services