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Table 2 Descriptive profile of emergency department clients with diagnosis of psychosis by ethnic group origin (n = 765)

From: The role of ethnicity in pathways to emergency psychiatric services for clients with psychosis

Variable East Asian (n = 137) South Asian (n = 91) Black African (n = 99) Black Caribbean (n = 141) White North American (n = 150) White European (n = 147)    
  n % n % n % n % n % n % Test statistic df p
Age (Mean ± SD) 37.8 ± 14.9 35.7 ± 11.9 33.5 ± 11.1 39.2 ± 14.0 39.8 ± 13.8 39.7 ± 16.1 F = 3.68 5, 754 0.003
Female 63 46.7 29 32.2 35 35.4 57 41.6 45 30.8 46 32.2 Χ2 = 11.49 5 0.043
Partner 17 13.5 13 15.9 6 6.8 9 6.9 19 13.8 14 10.0    ns
GP 69 51.5 46 51.1 40 41.2 64 46.4 65 44.2 74 51.4    ns
Psychiatrist 79 59.4 45 50 60 61.9 73 52.5 87 59.2 82 56.6    ns
Symptom Severity Scale (Mean ± SD) 4.5 ± 2.3 4.4 ± 2.4 4.9 ± 2.5 5.5 ± 2.8 5.0 ± 2.6 4.6 ± 2.5 F = 3.23 5, 759 0.007
Arrival by Police or Emergency 54 39.4 31 34.1 38 38.4 52 36.9 43 28.7 52 35.4    ns
Accompanied by Friend or Family 33 24.1 18 19.8 22 22.2 24 17.0 33 22.0 41 27.9    ns
Involuntary Mental Health Status 47 35.6 34 38.2 35 36.5 50 35.7 36 25.2 44 30.6    ns
Clinical Risk 42 30.7 27 29.7 25 25.3 37 26.2 41 27.3 46 31.3    ns
ON-Marg East Asian (n = 109) South Asian (n = 69) Black African (n = 81) Black Caribbean (n = 108) White North American (n = 114) White European (n = 125) Test statistic df p
Residential Instability (Mean ± SD) 0.99 ± 1.28 0.75 ± 1.23 1.07 ± 1.33 1.10 ± 1.18 1.00 ± 1.22 0.94 ± 1.18    ns
Material Deprivation (Mean ± SD) 0.19 ± 1.11 0.16 ± 1.15 0.68 ± 1.53 0.82 ± 1.56 0.06 ± 1.12 0.16 ± 1.02 F = 10.40 5, 600 <0.001
Dependency (Mean ± SD) −0.23 ± 0.75 −0.28 ± 0.96 −0.43 ± 0.65 −0.41 ± 0.81 −0.29 ± 1.07 −0.19 ± 0.88    ns
Ethnic Concentration (Mean ± SD) 1.44 ± 1.37 1.68 ± 1.63 1.81 ± 1.75 1.73 ± 1.47 1.07 ± 1.34 1.07 ± 1.27 F = 11.28 5, 600 <0.001