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Table 4 Results of the stepwise regression analysis of the family burden factors in the group of patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and the three sets of patient and caregiver characteristics and patient clinical features (N=243)

From: Comparison of burden among family members of patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder in a large acute psychiatric hospital in China

Independent variables Violent behavior Caregiver distress Disrupted routines Suicidal behavior Satisfaction with services
Patient’s characteristics
 Age    −0.105* −0.045*  
 Gender −2.102**    0.822*  
 Education   0.206*    
 Duration of illness   0.008*   
Carer’s characteristics
 Age −0.042*    
 Child   −2.979*   
Patient’s clinical features
 PANSS positive 0.102**   0.299*   
 PANSS negative    0.185*   
 PANSS general   0.221**   0.003*  
 ITAQ total −0.228***     −0.082*
 DAI total   −0.159** −0.414* −0.120*  
 SF-36 MCS      −0.016*
Change in R2 by step
 Patient characteristics 0.085 0.033 0.046 0.048 0.048
 Care’s characteristics 0.047 0.018 0.026 0.044 0.015
 Patient’s clinical status 0.136 0.090 0.089 0.058 0.084
Total R2 0.268*** 0.141* 0.161* 0.150* 0.147*
  1. See Table 1 for abbreviations
  2. Reported correlations are statistically significant at the *p < 0.05 level; or **p <0.01; or ***p < 0.001