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Table 2 Demographic and clinical characteristics of participants at baseline (N = 134)

From: Adherence therapy versus routine psychiatric care for people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders: a randomised controlled trial

Characteristics   AT (n = 67)
f (%)
TAU (n = 67)
f (%)
χ 2, P
Gender Male 35 (52.24) 36 (53.73) 1.25, 0.25
  Female 32 (47.76) 31 (46.27)
Age mean, s.d. 29.13, 9.87 28.23, 9.23  
  18–29 23 (34.33) 22 (32.84) 1.32, 0.23
  30–39 31 (46.27) 32 (47.76)
  40–49 10 (14.93) 9 (13.43)
  50 or above 3 (4.48) 4 (5.97)
Diagnosis Schizophrenia 39 (58.21) 41 (61.19) 1.40, 0.21
  Other psychotic disorders 28 (41.79) 26 (38.81)
Employment status Employed (Full-time) 28 (41.79) 24 (35.82) 1.52, 0.17
  Employed (Part-time) 17 (25.37) 19 (28.36)
  Unemployed 17 (25.37) 18 (26.87)
  Others (e.g., intermittent job) 5 (7.46) 6 (8.96)
Education level Primary school 13 (19.40) 12 (17.91) 1.12, 0.28
  Secondary school 44 (65.67) 42 (62.67)
  University/College 10 (14.93) 13 (19.40)
Monthly household mean, s.d. 17,915, 6,594 16,880, 6,901 1.30, 0.22
income (HK$)a <10,000 9 (13.43) 8 (11.94)
  10,001–20,000 31 (46.27) 30 (44.78)
  20,001–30,000 21 (31.34) 21 (31.34)  
  >30,000 6 (8.96) 8 (11.94)  
Duration of illness (months) mean, s.d., range 27.71, 10.10,
336 months
28.12, 10.08,
436 months
 
  <6 18 (26.87) 20 (29.85) 1.19, 0.26
  6–12 19 (28.35) 18 (26.87)
  13–24 18 (26.87) 16 (23.88)
  25–36 12 (17.91) 13 (19.40)
Treatment setting Outpatient department 66 (98.50) 67 (100.00) 1.87, 0.13
(other than CPNS) Day Hospital/Centre 10 (14.93) 11 (16.42)
  Social welfare and finance 45 (67.17) 48 (71.64)
  Individual/family counselling 14 (20.90) 12 (17.91)
  Others (e.g., recreational and social activities and crisis intervention) 12 (17.91) 14 (20.90)
Type of medication Conventional antipsychotics 22 (32.84) 20 (29.85) 1.13, 0.28
  Atypical antipsychotics 30 (44.78) 32 (47.76)
  Blended modec 15 (22.39) 15 (22.39)
Dosage of medicationb High 15 (22.39) 13 (19.40) 1.19, 0.27
  Medium 42 (62.69) 43 (64.18)
  Low 10 (14.92) 11 (16.42)
Accommodation Private household 22 (32.84) 24 (35.82) 1.83, 0.11
  Public housing 31 (46.27) 30 (44.78)
  Others (e.g., compassionate and long-stay care) 14 (20.90) 13 (19.40)
  1. AT Adherence Therapy, TAU Treatment as usual
  2. aUS$1 = HK$7.8
  3. bPatients were taking more than one type of psychotropic medication such as the use of either conventional and atypical antipsychotics, or atypical antipsychotics and anti-depressants or anxiolytics
  4. cDosage levels of anti-psychotic medications were compared with the average dosage of medication taken by schizophrenic patients in haloperidol-equivalent mean values [19]