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Table 4 Potential factors associated with PTSD in northern Uganda (The Wayo-Nero Study)

From: Prevalence and factors associated with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder seven years after the conflict in three districts in northern Uganda (The Wayo-Nero Study)

Factor PTSD (n, %) OR (95 % CI) p-value Adjusted ORa (95% CI) p-value
War physical trauma no. of events      
No event 55 (4.8) 1.00   1.00  
1 - 2 Events 88 (11.4) 2.63 (1.89, 3.66) <0.001 1.34 (0.95, 1.88) 0.096
3+ Events 136 (30.8) 8.68 (6, 12.56) <0.001 3.42 (2.16, 5.42) <0.001
War sexual trauma no. of events      
No event 224 (10.3) 1.00   1.00  
1 - 2 Events 27 (24.8) 2.6 (1.63, 4.15) <0.001 1.23 (0.73, 2.07) 0.439
3+ Events 28 (38.9) 5.65 (3.33, 9.61) <0.001 2.02 (1.08, 3.76) 0.027
War psychological trauma no. of events      
No event 18 (3.7) 1.00   1.00  
1 - 2 Events 39 (5.1) 1.58 (0.76, 3.3) 0.221 1.37 (0.65, 2.89) 0.401
3+ Events 222 (20.1) 6.91 (3.44, 13.87) <0.001 2.94 (1.53, 5.63) 0.001
Number of negative life events      
1-5 44 (5.8) 1.00   1.00  
6-10 75 (10.7) 1.96 (1.2, 3.2) 0.008 1.31 (0.87, 1.97) 0.194
11+ 161 (17.8) 3.53 (2.45, 5.09) <0.001 1.46 (1.05, 2.03) 0.026
Childhood trauma      
Low 45 (6.5) 1.00   1.00  
Medium 74 (8.6) 1.27 (0.86, 1.89) 0.233 1.21 (0.83, 1.77) 0.326
High 161 (19.8) 3.4 (2.29, 5.06) <0.001 2.28 (1.49, 3.48) <0.001
Negative Coping Style index      
Low 116 (24.8) 1.00   1.00  
Medium 79 (11.4) 0.4 (0.27, 0.59) <0.001 0.50 (0.3, 0.81) 0.006
High 85 (7.1) 0.24 (0.18, 0.33) <0.001 0.33 (0.22, 0.49) <0.001
Social support      
No 181 (15.6) 1.00    
Yes 99 (8.3) 0.52 (0.39, 0.69) <0.001   
Family history      
No 197 (11.1) 1.00    
Yes 79 (14.3) 1.34 (0.91, 1.98) 0.134   
HIV status      
Negative 243 (11.7) 1.00    
Positive 34 (21.6) 2.09 (1.48, 2.95) <0.001   
Sex      
Female 161 (10.9) 1.00   1.00  
Male 119 (13.4) 1.32 (1.11, 1.58) 0.002 1.09 (0.85, 1.39) 0.506
Age group      
18 – 24 50 (9) 1.00   1.00  
25 – 34 84 (13) 1.48 (1.06, 2.06) 0.020 0.96 (0.64, 1.43) 0.825
35 – 44 63 (12.9) 1.51 (1.09, 2.1) 0.014 0.81 (0.52, 1.26) 0.345
45 – 54 83 (12.4) 1.46 (1.1, 1.95) 0.009 0.78 (0.52, 1.16) 0.217
Food security      
Yes 72 (7.4) 1.00   1.00  
No 204 (15.8) 2.38 (1.85, 3.05) <0.001 1.74 (1.33, 2.28) <0.001
  1. aFor each variable we adjusted for all other variables in the column