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Table 3 Overview of differences in coping behaviours

From: Coping styles in substance use disorder (SUD) patients with and without co-occurring attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD)

  Ref.groep -A-Mean/sd SUD -B-Mean/sd SUD + ADHD -C-Mean/sd SUD + ASD -D-Mean/sd A-B A-C A-D B-C B-D C-D Anova;B-C-D groups Ancova;B-C-D groups
  N = 1200 N = 50 N = 41 N = 31 t-toets cohen d t-toets cohen d t-toets cohen d t-toets cohen d t-toets cohen d t-toets cohen d   f sign.
ACT 18.40/3.58 17.86/3.56 16.93/4.05 16.87/3.66 .289 0.151 .025* 0.388 .029* 0.426 .245 0.245 .235 0.277 .949 −0.016 .387 1.1 .35
PAL 15.32/3.62 19.34/2.89 19.60/3.71 19.70/3.68 .000** −1 .227 .000** −1.167 .000** −1.200 .698 −0.081 .628 −0.109 .919 0.024 .880 .13 .88
AVOI 14.71/3.29 17.30/3.69 16.98/3.62 18.47/4.26 .000** −0.741 .000** −0.655 .000** −0.987 .675 0.089 .2 −0.293 .116 0.377 .246 1.3 .28
SOC 11.07/2.95 11.44/3.38 12.43/3.80 12.54/3.51 .442 −0.117 .026* −0.403 .03* −0.451 .188 −0.278 .171 −0.317 .915 0.026 .288 1.3 .28
PAS 10.55/2.67 14.98/3.71 15.17/3.27 17.10/4.22 .000** −1.335 .000** −1.502 .000** −1.815 .798 −0.055 .022* −0.534 .033* 0.511 .036 3.1 .05
EXP 6.25/1.70 6.26/1.95 6.85/1.74 5.93/2.12 .097 −0.005 .032* −0.351 .419 0.165 .133 −0.322 .484 0.161 .049* 0.511 .121 2 .14
REA 11.54/2.57 12.18/2.54 12.63/2.72 10.73/2.61 .081 −0.251 .014** −0.414 .101 0.311 .413 −0.172 .017* 0.560 .004** −0.713 .010 5 .008
  1. * = P < 0.05
  2. ** = p < 0.01