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Stress and anxiety

This section incorporates all areas of stress and anxiety. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, severe and traumatic stress, post-traumatic stress disorder, post-conflict mental health, and phobias.

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  1. Limited work has been done to explain how work-family conflict is related to anxiety symptoms and the roles of emotional exhaustion and social support may play.

    Authors: Hui Zhang, Leiwen Tang, ZhiHong Ye, Ping Zou, Jing Shao, Man Wu, Qi Zhang, Guojin Qiao and Shaoyu Mu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:266

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Traumatic war experiences, like the ones the Yazidi had to undergo due to the attack of the so-called Islamic State (ISIS) in August 2014, are often followed by psychological consequences such as posttraumatic...

    Authors: Jan Ilhan Kizilhan, Nadine Friedl, Johanna Neumann and Leonie Traub

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:256

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Previous attempts to identify predictors of treatment outcomes in body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) have yielded inconsistent findings. One way to increase precision and clinical utility could be to use machine l...

    Authors: Oskar Flygare, Jesper Enander, Erik Andersson, Brjánn Ljótsson, Volen Z. Ivanov, David Mataix-Cols and Christian Rück

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:247

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Co-existence of depression and anxiety can be associated with severe detrimental consequences to the physical, mental and social wellbeing of the affected populations. This study was conducted to determine pre...

    Authors: Ramzi Shawahna, Suhaib Hattab, Rami Al-Shafei and Mahmoud Tab’ouni

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:244

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Population-based administrative registers are often used for research purposes. However, their potential usefulness depends on the validity of the registered information. This study assessed the validity of th...

    Authors: Alba Vilaplana-Pérez, Josef Isung, Sonja Krig, Sarah Vigerland, Maral Jolstedt, Johan Bjureberg, Jens Högström, Kayoko Isomura, Daniel Rautio, Eva Serlachius, Christian Rück, David Mataix-Cols and Lorena Fernández de la Cruz

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:242

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Data on intensive care unit (ICU) related psychiatric morbidity from Low Middle-Income Countries are sparse. We studied the ICU related posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), anxiety, and depression symptoms in...

    Authors: Swagata Tripathy, Swati P. Acharya, Santosh Singh, Suravi Patra, Biswa Ranjan Mishra and Nilamadhab Kar

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:220

    Content type: Research article

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  7. A major research finding in the field of Biological Psychiatry is that symptom-based categories of mental disorders map poorly onto dysfunctions in brain circuits or neurobiological pathways. Many of the ident...

    Authors: Tanja M. Brückl, Victor I. Spoormaker, Philipp G. Sämann, Anna-Katharine Brem, Lara Henco, Darina Czamara, Immanuel Elbau, Norma C. Grandi, Lee Jollans, Anne Kühnel, Laura Leuchs, Dorothee Pöhlchen, Maximilian Schneider, Alina Tontsch, Martin E. Keck, Leonhard Schilbach…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:213

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. The present study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of a therapist-guided internet-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (iCBT) intervention for service members of the German Armed Forces with posttraumatic s...

    Authors: Helen Niemeyer, Christine Knaevelsrud, Sarah Schumacher, Sinha Engel, Annika Kuester, Sebastian Burchert, Beate Muschalla, Deborah Weiss, Jan Spies, Heinrich Rau and Gerd-Dieter Willmund

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:205

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Social support can be a critical resource to help medical staff cope with stressful events; however, the moderating effect of social support on the relationship between burnout and anxiety symptoms has not yet...

    Authors: Hui Zhang, ZhiHong Ye, Leiwen Tang, Ping Zou, Chunxue Du, Jing Shao, Xiyi Wang, Dandan Chen, Guojing Qiao and Shao Yu Mu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:197

    Content type: Research article

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  10. There is limited evidence on the extent of the perceived need and barriers to professional mental health service delivery to university students with mental distress in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)...

    Authors: Assegid Negash, Matloob Ahmed Khan, Girmay Medhin, Dawit Wondimagegn and Mesfin Araya

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:187

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and sleep problems are highly related. The relationship between nighttime sleep characteristics and next day post traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) is not well known. This ...

    Authors: Quinn M. Biggs, Robert J. Ursano, Jing Wang, Gary H. Wynn, Russell B. Carr and Carol S. Fullerton

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:174

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Panic disorder (PD) is often undiagnosed, misdiagnosed, or untreated in non-psychiatric clinical settings. Therefore, a cost-effective, accurate and easy-to-administer instrument for PD assessment is still nee...

    Authors: Xitong Liu, Tingting Xu, Dandan Chen, Chen Yang, Pei Wang, Xiao Huang, Wenhong Cheng, Yuan Shen, Qiang Liu and Zhen Wang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:170

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease that decreases the physical ability and affects the mental health of the patients. This descriptive-analytical study investigated the prevalence of depression, anxi...

    Authors: Saba Karimi, Bahare Andayeshgar and Alireza Khatony

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:166

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Stress is one of the top five threats to academic performance among college students globally. Consequently, students decrease in academic performance, learning ability and retention. However, no study has ass...

    Authors: Gebrezabher Niguse Hailu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:162

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The high heterosexual marriage rate could be a ‘double-edge’ sword for the emotional health of Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM). The aim of this study was to determine if current marriage and breakdown ...

    Authors: Zuosen Yang, Shuang Li, Rui Zhang, Jun Na, Yanxia Li, Huijuan Mu, Liya Yu, Li Liu, Wei Sun, Guowei Pan and Lingjun Yan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:151

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Preoperative anxiety comprising anesthesia and surgery related anxiety is common and perceived by many patients as the worst aspect of the surgical episode. The aim of this study was to identify independent pr...

    Authors: Leopold Eberhart, Hansjörg Aust, Maike Schuster, Theresa Sturm, Markus Gehling, Frank Euteneuer and Dirk Rüsch

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:140

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) is a globally used and self-report scale measuring perceived stress. Three versions of PSS (PSS-14, PSS-10 and PSS-4) are available which comprise 14, 10 and 4 items respective...

    Authors: Feifei Huang, Huijun Wang, Zhihong Wang, Jiguo Zhang, Wenwen Du, Chang Su, Xiaofang Jia, Yifei Ouyang, Yun Wang, Li Li, Hongru Jiang and Bing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:130

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:260

  18. Zung’s Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) is a norm-referenced scale which enjoys widespread use a screener for anxiety disorders. However, recent research (Dunstan DA and Scott N, Depress Res Treat 2018:9250972,...

    Authors: Debra A. Dunstan and Ned Scott

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:90

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has a lifetime prevalence of 2–3% and is a leading cause of global disability. Brain circuit abnormalities in individuals with OCD have been identified, but important knowle...

    Authors: Helen Blair Simpson, Odile A. van den Heuvel, Euripedes C. Miguel, Y. C. Janardhan Reddy, Dan J. Stein, Roberto Lewis-Fernández, Roseli Gedanke Shavitt, Christine Lochner, Petra J. W. Pouwels, Janardhanan C. Narayanawamy, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian, Dianne M. Hezel, Chris Vriend, Marcelo C. Batistuzzo, Marcelo Q. Hoexter, Niels T. de Joode…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:68

    Content type: Study protocol

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  20. Antenatal maternal anxiety is a risk for offspring psychological and cognitive difficulties. The preschool years represent an important time for brain development, and so may be a window for intervention. Howe...

    Authors: Hong Kuang Tan, Shaun K. Y. Goh, Stella Tsotsi, Michaela Bruntraeger, Helen Yu Chen, Birit Broekman, Kok Hian Tan, Yap Seng Chong, Michael J. Meaney, Anqi Qiu and Anne Rifkin-Graboi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:62

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Traumatized earthquake survivors may develop poor memory function. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) and machine learning techniques may one day aid the clinical assessment of indiv...

    Authors: Yuchen Li, Hongru Zhu, Zhengjia Ren, Su Lui, Minlan Yuan, Qiyong Gong, Cui Yuan, Meng Gao, Changjian Qiu and Wei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:43

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) is characterized by an intense fear of negative judgement by others. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is recommended for treatment, but a substantial part of individuals with SA...

    Authors: Lars Clemmensen, Stéphane Bouchard, Johan Rasmussen, Trine Theresa Holmberg, Jakob Hyldig Nielsen, Jens Richardt Møllegaard Jepsen and Mia Beck Lichtenstein

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:32

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. Mental distress is a major public health problem which includes anxiety, depression and somatic symptoms such as sleeping problems, fatigue and headache. University students are consistently reported to have h...

    Authors: Innocent B. Mboya, Beatrice John, Eneck S. Kibopile, Lisbeth Mhando, Johnston George and James S. Ngocho

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:28

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Increasing evidence suggests a link between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and physical health. Stress disorders may lead to impairment of the immune system and subsequent autoimmune disease. This study ...

    Authors: Deborah Boggs Bookwalter, Kimberly A. Roenfeldt, Cynthia A. LeardMann, So Yeon Kong, Mark S. Riddle and Rudolph P. Rull

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:23

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The wars in the Democratic Republic of Congo have left indelible marks on the mental health and functioning of the Congolese civilians that sought refuge in Uganda. Even though it is clear that civilians who a...

    Authors: Herbert E. Ainamani, Thomas Elbert, David Kani Olema and Tobias Hecker

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:17

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Caring for a child with Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) pose a significant burden on parents especially when they struggle with their child’s T1D management. The experience of not coping or struggling to cope increases ...

    Authors: Mohammed Aldubayee, Salaad Mohamud, Khaled Ayman Almadani, Abdullah Abdulrahman Alabbad, Abdulaziz Ghazi Alotaibi, Abdulhakim Ali Alkhodair and Amir Babiker

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:5

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Childhood adversities, especially emotional abuse, emotional neglect, and peer victimization are considered to be crucial risk factors for social anxiety disorder (SAD). We investigated whether particular form...

    Authors: Antonia Brühl, Hanna Kley, Anja Grocholewski, Frank Neuner and Nina Heinrichs

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:418

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often co-occurs with other psychiatric disorders, particularly major depressive disorder (MDD). The current study examined longitudinal trajectories of PTSD and MDD symptom...

    Authors: Richard F. Armenta, Kristen H. Walter, Toni Rose Geronimo-Hara, Ben Porter, Valerie A. Stander and Cynthia A. LeardMann

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:396

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Despite a relatively young average age and no routine screening, prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men who worked at the World Trade Center (WTC) following the 9/11/2001 disaster. This study...

    Authors: Sean A. P. Clouston, Peifen Kuan, Roman Kotov, Soumyadeep Mukherjee, Patricia Thompson-Carino, Evelyn J. Bromet and Benjamin J. Luft

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:389

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Depression and anxiety result in psychological distress, which can further affect mental status and quality of life in stroke patients. Exploring the associations between positive psychological variables and s...

    Authors: Xiaoxi Wang, Shengjie Shang, Huazhe Yang, Hua Ai, Yin Wang, Shijie Chang, Xianzheng Sha, Lie Wang and Xiran Jiang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:381

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The Paris and Nice terrorist attacks affected a thousand of trauma victims and first-line responders. Because there were concerns that this might represent the first of several attacks, there was a need to qui...

    Authors: A. Brunet, A. Ayrolles, L. Gambotti, R. Maatoug, C. Estellat, M. Descamps, N. Girault, K. Kalalou, G. Abgrall, F. Ducrocq, G. Vaiva, N. Jaafari, M. O. Krebs, E. Castaigne, I. Hanafy, M. Benoit…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:351

    Content type: Study protocol

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  32. Empathic concern (EC) is an important interpersonal resilience factor that represents positive adaptation, such as “relating to others” (a factor of posttraumatic growth [PTG]) after disaster. However, controv...

    Authors: Seishu Nakagawa, Motoaki Sugiura, Atsushi Sekiguchi, Yuka Kotozaki, Carlos Makoto Miyauchi, Sugiko Hanawa, Tsuyoshi Araki, Atsushi Sakuma and Ryuta Kawashima

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:338

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Despite increased interest in workplace mental health interventions, the evidence for beneficial effects is mixed. Furthermore, many existing studies lack methodological rigor. We report results from a group r...

    Authors: Deniz Fikretoglu, Aihua Liu, Anthony Nazarov and Kristen Blackler

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:326

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Some studies have previously found that certain elevated early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) are negative predictors for outcome for patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) treated with Cognitive-Behavi...

    Authors: Tor Sunde, Benjamin Hummelen, Joseph A. Himle, Liv Tveit Walseth, Patrick A. Vogel, Gunvor Launes, Vegard Øksendal Haaland and Åshild Tellefsen Haaland

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:318

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health problem among youth, contribute to reduced quality of daily life, and are associated with high rates of comorbidity. However, treatment rates for anxiety are...

    Authors: Shelley Reetz, Gregory Clarke, Robin Weersing, Nader Amir, John Dickerson, Frances L. Lynch, Michael C. Leo, Andreea M. Rawlings, Mi H. Lee and Sara Gille

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:306

    Content type: Study protocol

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  36. Depression is a major problem among nurses; hence, it is important to develop a primary prevention strategy to manage depression among nurses. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) study aims to investigate t...

    Authors: Kazuto Kuribayashi, Kotaro Imamura, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Yuki Miyamoto, Ayumi Takano, Utako Sawada, Natsu Sasaki, Mariko Suga, Atsushi Sugino, Yui Hidaka, Mako Iida, Mie Sudo, Masahito Tokita and Norito Kawakami

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:245

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. Previous research has shown that our perceptions about illness are important determinants of how we respond and adjust to health threats. To examine whether illness perceptions affect illness responses in OCD ...

    Authors: Rebecca Pedley, Katherine Berry, Penny Bee, Judith Gellatly and Alison Wearden

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:217

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Previous resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) studies have revealed intrinsic regional activity alterations in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), but those results were based on grou...

    Authors: Xi Yang, Xinyu Hu, Wanjie Tang, Bin Li, Yanchun Yang, Qiyong Gong and Xiaoqi Huang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:210

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is highly prevalent among university students, but the majority of affected students remain untreated. Internet- and mobile-based self-help interventions (IMIs) may be a promising...

    Authors: Fanny Kählke, Thomas Berger, Ava Schulz, Harald Baumeister, Matthias Berking, Pim Cuijpers, Ronny Bruffaerts, Randy P. Auerbach, Ronald C. Kessler and David Daniel Ebert

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:197

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. Limited research exists concerning the long-term effects of avalanches on survivors’ mental health beyond the first years after the accident. The aims of this study were to describe and evaluate possible diffe...

    Authors: Lars-Petter Bakker, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Jon Gerhard Reichelt, Christer Lunde Gjerstad, Arnfinn Tønnessen, Lars Weisæth, Pål Herlof Herlofsen and Ellen Karine Grov

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:175

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Anxiety disorders are common and associated with reduced quality of life, impaired physical and mental health and an increased economic burden for society. While evidence exists for the effectiveness of exerci...

    Authors: Jenny Nyberg, Malin Henriksson, N. David Åberg, Alexander Wall, Robert Eggertsen, Maria Westerlund, Louise Danielsson, H. Georg Kuhn, Margda Waern and Maria Åberg

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:172

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. Traumatic exposure is a frequent issue in patients visiting emergency departments (EDs). Some patients will subsequently develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) while other will not. The problem is under...

    Authors: Mohammad-Hashim Wafa, Marie Viprey, Laurent Magaud, Julie Haesebaert, Edouard Leaune, Emmanuel Poulet, Clemence Bied and Anne-Marie Schott

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:163

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. Past mental disorders predict future disorders, both in the presence and absence of trauma exposure. However, it is not clear whether those with past mental disorders are disproportionately vulnerable to the n...

    Authors: Peter J.H. Beliveau, Hugues Sampasa-Kanyinga, Ian Colman and Mark A. Zamorski

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:156

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:204

  44. Prolonged Grief Disorder (PGD) is a distinct syndrome that follows bereavement. It is different from other mental disorders and is characterized by symptoms such as yearning for the bereaved, or intense emotio...

    Authors: Regina Steil, Jana Gutermann, Octavia Harrison, Annabelle Starck, Laura Schwartzkopff, Meryam Schouler-Ocak and Ulrich Stangier

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:148

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is an adolescent onset spinal deformity, which can negatively affect the mental health of these patients. But no studies about their parental mental health have been repor...

    Authors: Hai Wang, Tao Li, Wangshu Yuan, Zheping Zhang, Jing Wei, Guixing Qiu and Jianxiong Shen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:147

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) is a self-report questionnaire designed to measure distress, depression, anxiety, and somatization. Prior to computing scale scores from the item scores, the t...

    Authors: Jan van Bebber, Johanna T. W. Wigman, Rob R Meijer, Berend Terluin, Sjoerd Sytema and Lex Wunderink

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:103

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Unwanted, intrusive thoughts of harm-related to the infant are reported by the vast majority of new mothers, with half of all new mothers reporting unwanted, intrusive thoughts of harming their infant on purpo...

    Authors: Fanie Collardeau, Bryony Corbyn, John Abramowitz, Patricia A. Janssen, Sheila Woody and Nichole Fairbrother

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2019 19:94

    Content type: Study protocol

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