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Stress and anxiety

This section incorporates all areas of stress and anxiety. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, severe and traumatic stress, post-traumatic stress disorder, post-conflict mental health, and phobias.

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  1. The WHO reports that anxiety disorders are the most common mental disorders worldwide. Most people who experience such events recover from it; however, people with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) continu...

    Authors: Mohammad Marie, Sana SaadAdeen and Maher Battat

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:509

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Novel corona virus, named COVID-19, has spread rapidly to other countries like Italy, Iran and South Korea and affected all people, especially health-care providers. Therefore, due to the rapid spread of the d...

    Authors: Azizeh Alizadeh, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Mohammad Barati, Yazdan Ahmadi, Arash Hadian and Maryam Azizi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:494

    Content type: Research article

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  3. COVID-19 pandemic has created unprecedented health and economic impact. Psychological stress, anxiety and depression are affecting not only COVID-19 patients but also health professionals, and general populati...

    Authors: Dhan Bahadur Shrestha, Bikash Bikram Thapa, Nagendra Katuwal, Bikal Shrestha, Chiranjibi Pant, Bina Basnet, Pankaj Mandal, Amol Gurung, Ankita Agrawal and Ramhari Rouniyar

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:491

    Content type: Research article

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  4. COVID-19 infection is a new disease that infects a large number of people, killing a ratio of whom every day in the world. Healthcare staff, especially nurses, experience a great deal of psychological distress...

    Authors: Nasrin Galehdar, Aziz Kamran, Tahereh Toulabi and Heshmatolah Heydari

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:489

    Content type: Research article

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  5. COVID-19 is a global pandemic and has become a major public health burden worldwide. With already fragile healthcare systems it can have long lasting effects in developing countries. Outbreaks especially a pan...

    Authors: Faridah Amin, Salman Sharif, Rabeeya Saeed, Noureen Durrani and Daniyal Jilani

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:459

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Improving the psychotherapies for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is dependent on a deeper understanding of the relations between GAD and its associated cognitive factors. In the present study, we investiga...

    Authors: Lei Ren, Zhou Yang, Yidi Wang, Long-Biao Cui, Yinchuan Jin, Zhujing Ma, Qintao Zhang, Zhongying Wu, Hua-Ning Wang and Qun Yang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:452

    Content type: Research article

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  7. With the increasing diversity of the German population, it is important to test the psychometric validity and reliability of the German version Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) specifically between German nativ...

    Authors: Christina Diane Bastianon, Eva M. Klein, Ana Nanette Tibubos, Elmar Brähler, Manfred E. Beutel and Katja Petrowski

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:450

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Neurological symptoms are increasingly being noted among COVID-19 patients. Currently, there is little data on the mental health of neurological healthcare workers. The aim of this study was to identify the pr...

    Authors: Xianjun Ning, Fang Yu, Qin Huang, Xi Li, Yunfang Luo, Qing Huang and Changqing Chen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:436

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), which includes exposure and response prevention (ERP), is effective in improving symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, whether poor cognitive functions a...

    Authors: Sayo Hamatani, Aki Tsuchiyagaito, Masato Nihei, Yuta Hayashi, Tokiko Yoshida, Jumpei Takahashi, Sho Okawa, Honami Arai, Maki Nagaoka, Kazuki Matsumoto, Eiji Shimizu and Yoshiyuki Hirano

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:433

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is closely associated with emotional dysregulation. Patients with GAD tend to overreact to emotional stimuli and are impaired in emotional regulation. Using emotional regulat...

    Authors: Jian Li, Yuan Zhong, Zijuan Ma, Yun Wu, Manlong Pang, Chiyue Wang, Na Liu, Chun Wang and Ning Zhang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:429

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Responses to stressful circumstances have psychological and physiological dimensions, and are related to anxiety symptoms and mental disorders such as depression. Nonetheless, the relationship between subclini...

    Authors: Georgia Konstantopoulou, Theodoros Iliou, Katerina Karaivazoglou, Gregoris Iconomou, Konstantinos Assimakopoulos and Panagiotis Alexopoulos

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:428

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may stem from the formation of aberrant and enduring aversive memories. Some PTSD patients have recreationally used Cannabis, probably aiming at relieving their symptomatology...

    Authors: Ana Maria Raymundi, Thiago R. da Silva, Jeferson M. B. Sohn, Leandro J. Bertoglio and Cristina A. Stern

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:420

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused serious psychological problems, including panic attack, anxiety, stress, and depression. The main objective of this study was to measure the prevalence a...

    Authors: Amir Vahedian-Azimi, Malihe Sadat Moayed, Farshid Rahimibashar, Sajad Shojaei, Sara Ashtari and Mohamad Amin Pourhoseingholi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:402

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Most patients with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) suffer residual symptoms following first-line treatment. Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathophysiology of PTSD. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is a...

    Authors: Alice Maier, Anita Dharan, Gina Oliver, Michael Berk, Suzy Redston, Sudie E. Back, Peter Kalivas, Chee Ng and Richard A. Kanaan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:397

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. Succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase (SSADH) deficiency is a rare neurometabolic disorder resulting in a heterogeneous clinical phenotype. Adolescent and adult patients with SSADH deficiency may present with OC...

    Authors: Sachin Phakey, Thomas Rego, Frank Gaillard, Julie Panetta, Andrew Evans, Gerard De Jong and Mark Walterfang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:395

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Anxiety and depression are common mental health problems among patients with cancer. While many psychological variables have been proven to influence anxiety and depressive symptoms, the variables are not mutu...

    Authors: Lulu Yuan, Bochen Pan, Weiren Wang, Lie Wang, Xujie Zhang and Yuqin Gao

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:394

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Patients with somatoform, depressive or anxiety disorders often don’t respond well to medical treatment and experience many side effects. It is thus of clinical relevance to identify alternative, scientificall...

    Authors: Katharina Hüfner, Cornelia Ower, Georg Kemmler, Theresa Vill, Caroline Martini, Andrea Schmitt and Barbara Sperner-Unterweger

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:385

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Anxiety disorders during pregnancy are not routinely assessed in Sri Lanka despite being common and being associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Screening can facilitate early detection and management of ...

    Authors: M. N. Priyadarshanie, M. D. I. A. Waas, C. S. E. Goonewardena, A. Balasuriya, B. C. V. Senaratna and D. M. S. Fernando

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:381

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Application of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for treating obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has been promising and approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2018, but effects diff...

    Authors: Reza Rostami, Reza Kazemi, Arezoo Jabbari, Azam Sadat Madani, Hosseinreza Rostami, Mohammad Amin Taherpour, Parviz Molavi, Nematollah Jaafari, Min-Fang Kuo, Carmelo M. Vicario, Michael A. Nitsche and Mohammad Ali Salehinejad

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:372

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Mental disorders among refugees as well as their risk factors are already well documented in cross-sectional reports. However, longitudinal follow-up designs are widely lacking. Therefore, the aim of this stud...

    Authors: Andrea Borho, Andre Viazminsky, Eva Morawa, Gregor Martin Schmitt, Ekaterini Georgiadou and Yesim Erim

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:362

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Though lifetime exposure to traumatic events is significant, only a minority of individuals develops symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Post-trauma alterations in neurocognitive and affective fu...

    Authors: Mareike Augsburger and Isaac R. Galatzer-Levy

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:325

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) contribute significantly to disability adjusted life years in low- to middle-income countries (LMICs). Screening has been proposed to improve identification an...

    Authors: Anisa Y. Mughal, Jackson Devadas, Eric Ardman, Brooke Levis, Vivian F. Go and Bradley N. Gaynes

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:338

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Hospitals, police stations, and fire departments are highly demanding workplaces. Staff members are regularly exposed to various stressors including traumatic events. Correspondingly, several studies report hi...

    Authors: Sarah K. Schäfer, M. Roxanne Sopp, Marlene Staginnus, Johanna Lass-Hennemann and Tanja Michael

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:335

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Previous research has suggested that worry is negatively associated with working memory performance. However, it is unclear whether these findings would replicate across different worry levels and in individua...

    Authors: Judith Held, Andreea Vîslă, Richard E. Zinbarg, Christine Wolfer and Christoph Flückiger

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:317

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Trauma-focused therapy approaches are recommended as treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This includes the treatment of trauma-related suffering in refugee populations. However, there is a lack...

    Authors: Elisa Kaltenbach, Katharin Hermenau, Maggie Schauer, Katalin Dohrmann, Thomas Elbert and Inga Schalinski

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:312

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Limited work has been done to explain how work-family conflict is related to anxiety symptoms and the roles of emotional exhaustion and social support may play.

    Authors: Hui Zhang, Leiwen Tang, ZhiHong Ye, Ping Zou, Jing Shao, Man Wu, Qi Zhang, Guojin Qiao and Shaoyu Mu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:266

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Traumatic war experiences, like the ones the Yazidi had to undergo due to the attack of the so-called Islamic State (ISIS) in August 2014, are often followed by psychological consequences such as posttraumatic...

    Authors: Jan Ilhan Kizilhan, Nadine Friedl, Johanna Neumann and Leonie Traub

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:256

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Previous attempts to identify predictors of treatment outcomes in body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) have yielded inconsistent findings. One way to increase precision and clinical utility could be to use machine l...

    Authors: Oskar Flygare, Jesper Enander, Erik Andersson, Brjánn Ljótsson, Volen Z. Ivanov, David Mataix-Cols and Christian Rück

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:247

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Co-existence of depression and anxiety can be associated with severe detrimental consequences to the physical, mental and social wellbeing of the affected populations. This study was conducted to determine pre...

    Authors: Ramzi Shawahna, Suhaib Hattab, Rami Al-Shafei and Mahmoud Tab’ouni

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:244

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Population-based administrative registers are often used for research purposes. However, their potential usefulness depends on the validity of the registered information. This study assessed the validity of th...

    Authors: Alba Vilaplana-Pérez, Josef Isung, Sonja Krig, Sarah Vigerland, Maral Jolstedt, Johan Bjureberg, Jens Högström, Kayoko Isomura, Daniel Rautio, Eva Serlachius, Christian Rück, David Mataix-Cols and Lorena Fernández de la Cruz

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:242

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Data on intensive care unit (ICU) related psychiatric morbidity from Low Middle-Income Countries are sparse. We studied the ICU related posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), anxiety, and depression symptoms in...

    Authors: Swagata Tripathy, Swati P. Acharya, Santosh Singh, Suravi Patra, Biswa Ranjan Mishra and Nilamadhab Kar

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:220

    Content type: Research article

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  32. A major research finding in the field of Biological Psychiatry is that symptom-based categories of mental disorders map poorly onto dysfunctions in brain circuits or neurobiological pathways. Many of the ident...

    Authors: Tanja M. Brückl, Victor I. Spoormaker, Philipp G. Sämann, Anna-Katharine Brem, Lara Henco, Darina Czamara, Immanuel Elbau, Norma C. Grandi, Lee Jollans, Anne Kühnel, Laura Leuchs, Dorothee Pöhlchen, Maximilian Schneider, Alina Tontsch, Martin E. Keck, Leonhard Schilbach…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:213

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. The present study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of a therapist-guided internet-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (iCBT) intervention for service members of the German Armed Forces with posttraumatic s...

    Authors: Helen Niemeyer, Christine Knaevelsrud, Sarah Schumacher, Sinha Engel, Annika Kuester, Sebastian Burchert, Beate Muschalla, Deborah Weiss, Jan Spies, Heinrich Rau and Gerd-Dieter Willmund

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:205

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Social support can be a critical resource to help medical staff cope with stressful events; however, the moderating effect of social support on the relationship between burnout and anxiety symptoms has not yet...

    Authors: Hui Zhang, ZhiHong Ye, Leiwen Tang, Ping Zou, Chunxue Du, Jing Shao, Xiyi Wang, Dandan Chen, Guojing Qiao and Shao Yu Mu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:197

    Content type: Research article

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  35. There is limited evidence on the extent of the perceived need and barriers to professional mental health service delivery to university students with mental distress in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)...

    Authors: Assegid Negash, Matloob Ahmed Khan, Girmay Medhin, Dawit Wondimagegn and Mesfin Araya

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:187

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and sleep problems are highly related. The relationship between nighttime sleep characteristics and next day post traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) is not well known. This ...

    Authors: Quinn M. Biggs, Robert J. Ursano, Jing Wang, Gary H. Wynn, Russell B. Carr and Carol S. Fullerton

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:174

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Panic disorder (PD) is often undiagnosed, misdiagnosed, or untreated in non-psychiatric clinical settings. Therefore, a cost-effective, accurate and easy-to-administer instrument for PD assessment is still nee...

    Authors: Xitong Liu, Tingting Xu, Dandan Chen, Chen Yang, Pei Wang, Xiao Huang, Wenhong Cheng, Yuan Shen, Qiang Liu and Zhen Wang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:170

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease that decreases the physical ability and affects the mental health of the patients. This descriptive-analytical study investigated the prevalence of depression, anxi...

    Authors: Saba Karimi, Bahare Andayeshgar and Alireza Khatony

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:166

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Stress is one of the top five threats to academic performance among college students globally. Consequently, students decrease in academic performance, learning ability and retention. However, no study has ass...

    Authors: Gebrezabher Niguse Hailu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:162

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The high heterosexual marriage rate could be a ‘double-edge’ sword for the emotional health of Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM). The aim of this study was to determine if current marriage and breakdown ...

    Authors: Zuosen Yang, Shuang Li, Rui Zhang, Jun Na, Yanxia Li, Huijuan Mu, Liya Yu, Li Liu, Wei Sun, Guowei Pan and Lingjun Yan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:151

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Preoperative anxiety comprising anesthesia and surgery related anxiety is common and perceived by many patients as the worst aspect of the surgical episode. The aim of this study was to identify independent pr...

    Authors: Leopold Eberhart, Hansjörg Aust, Maike Schuster, Theresa Sturm, Markus Gehling, Frank Euteneuer and Dirk Rüsch

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:140

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) is a globally used and self-report scale measuring perceived stress. Three versions of PSS (PSS-14, PSS-10 and PSS-4) are available which comprise 14, 10 and 4 items respective...

    Authors: Feifei Huang, Huijun Wang, Zhihong Wang, Jiguo Zhang, Wenwen Du, Chang Su, Xiaofang Jia, Yifei Ouyang, Yun Wang, Li Li, Hongru Jiang and Bing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:130

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:260

  43. Zung’s Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) is a norm-referenced scale which enjoys widespread use a screener for anxiety disorders. However, recent research (Dunstan DA and Scott N, Depress Res Treat 2018:9250972,...

    Authors: Debra A. Dunstan and Ned Scott

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:90

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has a lifetime prevalence of 2–3% and is a leading cause of global disability. Brain circuit abnormalities in individuals with OCD have been identified, but important knowle...

    Authors: Helen Blair Simpson, Odile A. van den Heuvel, Euripedes C. Miguel, Y. C. Janardhan Reddy, Dan J. Stein, Roberto Lewis-Fernández, Roseli Gedanke Shavitt, Christine Lochner, Petra J. W. Pouwels, Janardhanan C. Narayanawamy, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian, Dianne M. Hezel, Chris Vriend, Marcelo C. Batistuzzo, Marcelo Q. Hoexter, Niels T. de Joode…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:68

    Content type: Study protocol

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  45. Antenatal maternal anxiety is a risk for offspring psychological and cognitive difficulties. The preschool years represent an important time for brain development, and so may be a window for intervention. Howe...

    Authors: Hong Kuang Tan, Shaun K. Y. Goh, Stella Tsotsi, Michaela Bruntraeger, Helen Yu Chen, Birit Broekman, Kok Hian Tan, Yap Seng Chong, Michael J. Meaney, Anqi Qiu and Anne Rifkin-Graboi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:62

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Traumatized earthquake survivors may develop poor memory function. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) and machine learning techniques may one day aid the clinical assessment of indiv...

    Authors: Yuchen Li, Hongru Zhu, Zhengjia Ren, Su Lui, Minlan Yuan, Qiyong Gong, Cui Yuan, Meng Gao, Changjian Qiu and Wei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:43

    Content type: Research article

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