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Child, adolescent and developmental psychiatry

This section covers all aspects of developmental psychiatry ranging from child to adolescent. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, psychiatric disorders that primarily manifest in childhood (e.g., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, autistic spectrum disorder, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, learning disabilities), psychiatric disorders that frequently emerge during childhood (e.g., mood and anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance use disorders, eating disorders) provided the focus is on a child sample, plus studies on the role of early experience, childhood maltreatment and gene x environment interactions. Studies involving neuroimaging, objective measures/biomarkers and novel therapeutic modalities are particularly encouraged.

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  1. This study investigated cognitive and emotional functioning in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and disruptive, impulse-control, and conduct disorders (DICCD).

    Authors: Yuncheng Zhu, Li Liu, Daoliang Yang, Haifeng Ji, Tianming Huang, Lianxue Xue, Xixi Jiang, Kaiyun Li, Lily Tao, Qing Cai and Yiru Fang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:232

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Our goal was to accurately detect young children at risk for long-term psychiatric disturbances after potentially traumatic experiences in the course of relocation. In addition to detailed assessment of parent...

    Authors: Andrea Hahnefeld, Thorsten Sukale, Elena Weigand, Katharina Münch, Sigrid Aberl, Lea V. Eckler, Davin Schmidt, Anna Friedmann, Paul L. Plener, Jörg M. Fegert and Volker Mall

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:228

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Child and adolescent mental health problems are urgent health issues in low- and middle-income countries. To promote child and adolescent mental health services, simple validated screening tools are helpful. I...

    Authors: Ai Aoki, Togoobaatar Ganchimeg, Nyam Naranbaatar, Zuunnast Khishigsuren, Lkagvasuren Gundegmaa, Shagdar Bat-Erdene, Bolorchimeg Munkhbaatar, Rintaro Mori, Akihito Kikuchi, Hideaki Soya, Kiyoto Kasai and Kenji Takehara

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:218

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Adolescent-onset depression often results in a chronic and recurrent course, and is associated with worse outcomes relative to adult-onset depression. Targeting habitual depressive rumination, a specific known...

    Authors: Henrietta Roberts, Rachel H. Jacobs, Katie L. Bessette, Sheila E. Crowell, Mindy Westlund-Schreiner, Leah Thomas, Rebecca E. Easter, Stephanie L. Pocius, Alina Dillahunt, Summer Frandsen, Briana Schubert, Brian Farstead, Patricia Kerig, Robert C. Welsh, David Jago, Scott A. Langenecker…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:206

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder defined by the continual presence of primary motor and vocal tics. Grey matter abnormalities have been identified in numerous studies of TS, but conflict...

    Authors: Fang Wen, Junjuan Yan, Liping Yu, Fang Wang, Jingran Liu, Ying Li and Yonghua Cui

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:184

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Although there is strong evidence for a relationship between child abuse and neglect and conduct problems, associations between child abuse experienced at different developmental stages and developmental traje...

    Authors: Andreas Bauer, Gemma Hammerton, Abigail Fraser, Graeme Fairchild and Sarah L. Halligan

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:89

    Content type: Research article

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  7. To provide insight on physicians’ perspectives concerning recent changes in the incidence and diagnostic process of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) compared to other mental and neurodevelopmental disorders.

    Authors: Michael Davidovitch, Dorit Shmueli, Ran Shmuel Rotem and Aviva Mimouni Bloch

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:150

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder. Effective long-term treatment options are limited, which warrants increased focus on potential modifiable risk factor...

    Authors: Tiril Cecilie Borge, Guido Biele, Eleni Papadopoulou, Lene Frost Andersen, Felice Jacka, Merete Eggesbø, Ida Henriette Caspersen, Heidi Aase, Helle Margrete Meltzer and Anne Lise Brantsæter

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:139

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The first years of life are a significant period for child development, when children are particularly sensitive and prone to crises. This early phase lays the foundation for healthy growth. Clinical assessmen...

    Authors: Mona Katharina Sprengeler, Janna Mattheß, Melanie Eckert, Katharina Richter, Gabriele Koch, Thomas Reinhold, Petra Vienhues, Anne Berghöfer, Julia Fricke, Stephanie Roll, Thomas Keil, Christiane Ludwig-Körner, Lars Kuchinke, Kai von Klitzing and Franziska Schlensog-Schuster

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:118

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. The frequency of trauma and different types of violence exposure in urban areas and their effects on the mental health of adolescents in developing countries are poorly investigated. Most information about tra...

    Authors: Joviana Quintes Avanci, Fernanda Serpeloni, Thiago Pires de Oliveira and Simone Gonçalves de Assis

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:75

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Currently, there is increasing awareness of suicide-related behaviors. Mental health services are a key location for assisting people with suicide-related behaviors. However, few studies focused on the evaluat...

    Authors: Xi Fu, Jiaxin Yang, Xiaoli Liao, Yidong Shen, Jianjun Ou, Yamin Li and Runsen Chen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:62

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Although epidemiological and genetic studies have provided scientific evidence that places schizophrenia into the framework of early neurodevelopmental disorders, the psycho-behavioral characteristics of child...

    Authors: Yukiko Hamasaki, Takao Nakayama, Takatoshi Hikida and Toshiya Murai

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:57

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The aims of this study were to explore to explore the viewpoints of parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and professionals regarding the implementation of screening programs for ASD, to exp...

    Authors: Hassan Shahrokhi, Akbar Ghiasi, Kamal Gholipour, Leila Mehdizadeh Fanid, Hamid Reza Shamekhi and Shabnam Iezadi

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:55

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Residential mobility during childhood increases risk of psychopathology in adulthood and is a common experience among Chinese children. This study investigated associations between number and age of first move...

    Authors: Yingzhe Zhang, Jeremy Coid, Xiang Liu, Yamin Zhang, Huan Sun, Xiaojing Li, Wanjie Tang, Qiang Wang, Wei Deng, Liansheng Zhao, Xiaohong Ma, Yajing Meng, Mingli Li, Huiyao Wang, Ting Chen, Qiuyue Lv…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:45

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Dissociative (conversion) disorder in children is a complex biopsychosocial disorder with high rates of medical and psychiatric comorbidities. We sought to identify the characteristics and outcomes of children...

    Authors: Zhixu Fang, Yuhang Li, Lingling Xie, Min Cheng, Jiannan Ma, Tingsong Li, Xiujuan Li and Li Jiang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:31

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Psychotic experiences (PEs) are not uncommon in young people and are associated with both psychopathology and compromised global functioning. Although psychotic experiences are transient (short-lived, self-res...

    Authors: Helen Coughlan, Erin Walton-Ball, Eleanor Carey, Colm Healy, Grace O’Regan-Murphy, Aoife Nic Uidhir, Mary C. Clarke and Mary Cannon

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:30

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Anxiety disorder is the most prevalent mental disorder among children and adolescents, causing significant psychosocial problems and physical health conditions. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an effecti...

    Authors: Bangmin Yin, Teng Teng, Lyu Tong, Xuemei Li, Li Fan, Xinyu Zhou and Peng Xie

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:29

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:101

  18. This longitudinal study explored the relationship between trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms and offspring’s risk behavior in adolescence contributing to an extremely scarce literature about the impa...

    Authors: Ana Beatriz Bozzini, Jessica Mayumi Maruyama, Tiago N. Munhoz, Aluísio J. D. Barros, Fernando C. Barros, Iná S. Santos and Alicia Matijasevich

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:18

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Tic disorders are childhood-onset neuropsychiatric disorders characterized by multiple motor or vocal tics with frequent comorbidities and a broad spectrum of phenotypic presentations. In this study, we aimed ...

    Authors: Eu Gene Park and Young-Hoon Kim

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:14

    Content type: Research article

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  20. There is limited evidence on the use of antipsychotics in patients with early-onset schizophrenia, which lags significantly behind the studies on adult patients’ medication and has a large disparity from actua...

    Authors: Jiuping Zhang, Xin Cheng, Huihui Zhang, Ping Xu, Peiying Jin and Xiaoyan Ke

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2021 21:10

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Conduct disorder (CD), a serious behavioral and emotional disorder in childhood and adolescence, characterized by disruptive behavior and breaking societal rules. Studies have explored the overlap of CD with n...

    Authors: Nóra Kerekes, Btissame Zouini, Emma Karlsson, Emma Cederholm, Paul Lichtenstein, Henrik Anckarsäter and Maria Råstam

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:595

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Various parent training interventions have been shown to have some effect on the symptoms of children with autism. We carried out a systematic review and meta-analyses to assess effectiveness of parental train...

    Authors: Shoumitro (Shoumi) Deb, Ameeta Retzer, Meera Roy, Rupali Acharya, Bharati Limbu and Ashok Roy

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:583

    Content type: Research article

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  23. There is little data on the long-term neurocognitive and educational outcomes among school-aged survivors of neonatal jaundice (NNJ) and hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in Africa.

    Authors: Dorcas N. Magai, Hans M. Koot, Paul Mwangi, Esther Chongwo, Charles R. Newton and Amina Abubakar

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:578

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Migrant adolescents are at a higher risk than their native-born counterparts of psychiatric disorders, and their care is a public health issue. In France, transcultural psychotherapy is a treatment provided by...

    Authors: Léa Grau, Emilie Carretier, Marie-Rose Moro, Anne Revah-Levy, Jordan Sibeoni and Jonathan Lachal

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:564

    Content type: Research article

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  25. It is unclear whether the administration of antipsychotics to children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is acceptable, equitable, and feasible.

    Authors: Gian Loreto D’Alò, Franco De Crescenzo, Laura Amato, Fabio Cruciani, Marina Davoli, Francesca Fulceri, Silvia Minozzi, Zuzana Mitrova, Gian Paolo Morgano, Franco Nardocci, Rosella Saulle, Holger Jens Schünemann and Maria Luisa Scattoni

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:561

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Natural disasters are unpredictable and uncontrollable events that usually induce significant level of stress and social disruption in afflicted individuals. The consequences are formidable, affecting lifetime...

    Authors: Muhammad Arshad, Muhammad Kashif Mughal, Rebecca Giallo and Dawn Kingston

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:543

    Content type: Research article

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  27. To explore the relationship between adult Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), antistreptococcal titers, ABGA, and recurrent infections during early childhood.

    Authors: Francesco Oliva, Giulia di Girolamo, Francesca Malandrone, Noemi Iaia, Fiorella Biasi and Giuseppe Maina

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:542

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Globally, 20% of young people experience mental disorders. In India, only 7.3% of its 365 million youth report such problems. Although public stigma associated with mental health problems particularly affects ...

    Authors: Shivani Mathur Gaiha, Tatiana Taylor Salisbury, Mirja Koschorke, Usha Raman and Mark Petticrew

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:538

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Asverin® (tipepidine hibenzate) has been used as an antitussive for > 50 years in Japan. Studies revealed that tipepidine modulates monoamine levels, by inhibiting G-protein-activated inwardly rectifying potas...

    Authors: Takuya Saito, Yushiro Yamashita, Akemi Tomoda, Takashi Okada, Hideo Umeuchi, Saki Iwamori, Satoru Shinoda, Akiko Mizuno-Yasuhira, Hidetoshi Urano, Izumi Nishino and Kazuhiko Saito

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:530

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Borderline personality disorder (BPD) and history of prior suicide attempt (SA) have been shown to be high predictors for subsequent suicide. However, no previous study has examined how both factors interact t...

    Authors: Aveline Aouidad, David Cohen, Bojan Mirkovic, Hugues Pellerin, Sébastien Garny de La Rivière, Angèle Consoli, Priscille Gérardin and Jean-Marc Guilé

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:525

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Children with attachment disorder show prosocial behavior problems. Children with a reactive attachment disorder show inhibited and emotionally withdrawn behavior. Consequently, these children typically displa...

    Authors: Bien Cuyvers, Eleonora Vervoort and Guy Bosmans

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:524

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a distressing psychiatric disorder. Traumas may trigger or aggravate OCD symptoms. COVID-19 pandemic has coursed a global crisis and has been associated with onset of psy...

    Authors: J. B. Nissen, D.R.M.A. Højgaard and P. H. Thomsen

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:511

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a major neurodevelopmental disorder with heterogeneous symptoms, subtypes, and cognitive deficits. Cognitive deficits are central to ADHD pathophysiology and ...

    Authors: Parviz Molavi, Mehriar Nadermohammadi, Habibeh Salvat Ghojehbeiglou, Carmelo M. Vicario, Michael A. Nitsche and Mohammad Ali Salehinejad

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:502

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Since the 1990s, families from the ecologically hostile mountainous southern areas of Ningxia Province, China, have been migrating to the northern areas of the province. This study compared the prevalence of b...

    Authors: Jian-Qun Fang, Yan-rong Wang, Yun-Yun Du, Guo-Li Yan, Fu-Li Ma, Yan-Qiu Liu, Wen-Xi Sun, Shi-Qi Chen, Li-Ping Feng, Jia Wei, Hao Liu, Jing Hu and Zhao-Xia Zhang

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:472

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Orphans and vulnerable adolescents (OVAs) living in child care homes (CCHs) are vulnerable to depressive symptoms due to a poor environment and a lack of receiving good care and love from their parents. This s...

    Authors: Kumari Bandana Bhatt, Tawatchai Apidechkul, Peeradone Srichan and Navin Bhatt

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:466

    Content type: Research article

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  36. High prevalence and strong relationships among suicidal ideation, Internet gaming disorder (IGD), insomnia, and depression have been reported for adolescents worldwide, but the mechanism underlying these psych...

    Authors: Yuelin Yu, Xue Yang, Suping Wang, Huwen Wang, Ruijie Chang, Lhakpa Tsamlag, Shuxian Zhang, Chen Xu, Xiaoyue Yu, Yong Cai and Joseph T. F. Lau

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:460

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Recurrent and impairing functional somatic syndromes (FSS) are common in adolescents. Despite a high need for care, empirically supported treatments are lacking for youth. The aim of this uncontrolled pilot st...

    Authors: Karen Hansen Kallesøe, Andreas Schröder, Rikard K. Wicksell, Tua Preuss, Jens Søndergaard Jensen and Charlotte Ulrikka Rask

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:457

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Clinical evidence is required about the long-term efficacy and safety of melatonin treatment for sleep problems in children with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) who underwent adequate sleep hygiene interve...

    Authors: Kotaro Yuge, Shinichiro Nagamitsu, Yuko Ishikawa, Izumi Hamada, Hiroyuki Takahashi, Hideyuki Sugioka, Osamu Yotsuya, Kazuo Mishima, Masaharu Hayashi and Yushiro Yamashita

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:445

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The role of explicit learning of treatment content in internet-based cognitive-behavioural treatment (ICBT) is an emerging field of research. The objective of this study was to explore clients experiences of t...

    Authors: Matilda Berg, Anna Malmquist, Alexander Rozental, Naira Topooco and Gerhard Andersson

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:441

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Parents are valued stakeholders in research, clinical practice and policy development concerning autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, little is known about what drives and moves parents besides their obvio...

    Authors: Delphine Jacobs, Jean Steyaert, Kris Dierickx and Kristien Hens

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:440

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the most prevalent type of psychiatric disorder among children after an earthquake. This study investigated the role of trauma experiences, personality traits, and genot...

    Authors: Yuwei Li, Qiuyue Lv, Bin Li, Dan Luo, Xueli Sun and Jiajun Xu

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:439

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Co-occurring psychiatric disorders in adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and/or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) contribute to the burden of the healthcare and possibly to the delay of d...

    Authors: Artemios Pehlivanidis, Katerina Papanikolaou, Vasilios Mantas, Eva Kalantzi, Kalliopi Korobili, Lida-Alkisti Xenaki, Georgia Vassiliou and Charalambos Papageorgiou

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:423

    Content type: Research article

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  43. There is evidence to suggest that the broad discrepancy in the ratio of males to females with diagnosed ADHD is due, at least in part, to lack of recognition and/or referral bias in females. Studies suggest th...

    Authors: Susan Young, Nicoletta Adamo, Bryndís Björk Ásgeirsdóttir, Polly Branney, Michelle Beckett, William Colley, Sally Cubbin, Quinton Deeley, Emad Farrag, Gisli Gudjonsson, Peter Hill, Jack Hollingdale, Ozge Kilic, Tony Lloyd, Peter Mason, Eleni Paliokosta…

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:404

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Lead is known to be associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) even at low concentrations. We aimed to evaluate neurocognitive functions associated with lead in the blood and the interacti...

    Authors: Jae-Won Choi, A-Hyun Jung, Sojeong Nam, Kyoung Min Kim, Jun Won Kim, Soo Yeon Kim, Bung-Nyun Kim and Jae-Won Kim

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:407

    Content type: Research article

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  45. With 10 to 20% of Canadian children suffering with mental illness, the importance of early identification and accurate assessment systems is clear. Unfortunately, many do not receive the mental health treatmen...

    Authors: S. L. Stewart, S. E. Babcock, Y. Li and H. P. Dave

    Citation: BMC Psychiatry 2020 20:390

    Content type: Research article

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