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Table 1 Comparison of the general characteristics of patients who attempted suicide between the hospitalized and discharged groups

From: Predictive factors for the medical hospitalisation of patients who visited the emergency department with suicide attempt

  Discharge (n = 1346) Hospitalization (n = 414) Total (n = 1760) p-value
Age (years, mean ± SD) 40.7 ± 17.0 50.3 ± 20.0 42.7 ± 18.1 0.000
Sex, n (%)     0.000
 Male 420 (31.2) 183 (44.2) 603 (33.9)  
 Female 926 (68.8) 231 (55.8) 1163 (66.1)  
Marital status, n (%)     0.001
 Single 615 (45.7) 146 (35.2) 761 (43.6)  
 Married 572 (42.5) 201 (48.5) 773 (43.7)  
 Separated 116 (8.6) 38 (9.3) 154 (8.8)  
 Widowed 43 (3.2) 29 (6.9) 72 (3.9)  
Education status, no. (%)     0.305
 Elementary school and lower 75 (5.6) 37 (9.0) 112 (6.3)  
 Middle school 61 (4.5) 21 (5.0) 82 (4.6)  
 High school 605 (44.9) 179 (43.2) 784 (44.6)  
 University and higher 605 (44.9) 177 (42.8) 782 (44.5)  
Religion, n (%)     0.409
 Yes 392 (29.1) 137 (33.1) 529 (30.0)  
 No 954 (70.9) 277 (66.9) 1231 (70.0)  
Employment, n (%)     0.021
 Yes 594 (44.1) 152 (36.6) 746 (42.6)  
 No 752 (55.9) 262 (63.4) 1014 (57.4)  
Cohabitant, n (%)     0.186
 Yes 937 (69.6) 305 (73.6) 1242 (70.4)  
 No 409 (30.4) 109 (26.4) 518 (29.6)  
Health status, n (%)     0.000
 Healthy 993 (73.8) 257 (62.1) 1250 (71.4)  
 Acute disease 24 (1.8) 11 (2.6) 35 (2.0)  
 Chronic disease without disability 125 (9.3) 48 (11.7) 173 (9.8)  
 Chronic disease with disability 204 (15.1) 98 (23.5) 299 (16.9)  
Income, n (%)     0.003
  < 1.5 million KRW/month 386 (28.7) 181 (43.7) 567 (31.4)  
 1.5–2.5 310 (23.0) 76 (18.3) 386 (22.2)  
  > 2.5 650 (48.3) 157 (38.1) 807 (46.4)  
Insurance, n (%)     0.057
 National health insurance 1176 (87.4) 373 (90.8) 1549 (88.1)  
 Medicaid beneficiary 141 (10.5) 33 (8.0) 174 (10.0)  
 Self-pay (uninsured) 29 (2.1) 8 (1.3) 37 (1.9)  
Time from attempting to ED visit (hours) 7.1 ± 33.1 5.9 ± 21.4 6.81 ± 31.0 0.518
ED Length of stay (hours, mean ± SD) 4.2 ± 12.3 11.4 ± 18.8 5.4 ± 13.7 0.002
Location of suicide attempt, n (%)     0.778
 Home 1170 (86.9) 350 (84.6) 1520 (86.4)  
 School 1 (0.1) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.1)  
 Workplace 10 (0.8) 3 (0.8) 13 (0.8)  
 Lodging 22 (1.6) 17 (4.0) 39 (2.2)  
 Car 16 (1.2) 2 (0.5) 18 (1.1)  
 Group living facility 1 (0.1) 2 (0.5) 3 (0.2)  
 Healthcare facility 7 (0.5) 1 (0.3) 8 (0.4)  
 Commercial facility 23 (1.7) 10 (2.5) 33 (1.9)  
 River 51 (3.8) 12 (3.0) 63 (3.7)  
 Public facility 10 (0.8) 7 (1.8) 17 (1.0)  
 Others 35 (2.4) 10 (2.1) 45 (2.3)  
  1. ED LOS emergency department length of stay