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Table 1 The Descriptive Characteristics of Studies

From: Psychosocial family interventions for relatives of people living with psychotic disorders in the Arab world: systematic review

Study Country Aim Sample size Study design Intervention/s Main outcomes
Rami, et al. (2018) [42] Egypt to assess the effectiveness of patient and caregiver schizophrenia psycho-education program and its impact on improvement of psychopathology and quality of life (QoL) Intervention: 30 patients with their caregivers
Controls: 30 patients with their caregivers
Randomized, controlled, prospective intervention study Culturally Sensitive Behavioral Family Psycho-Educational Program (BFPEP) 1- the rate of improvement of clinical variables including social functions
2- the adherence to medications
3- the quality of life of the patients
Hasan, et al. (2014) [43] Jordan to investigate the effectiveness of psychoeducational intervention delivered via a printed booklet on people diagnosed with schizophrenia and their primary caregivers’ outcomes Interventions:58 dyads of patients and their caregivers
Controls: 63 dyads of patients and their caregivers
a single blind RCT Pycho-education by booklet 1- knowledge of schizophrenia
2- schizophrenia symptoms
3- Family Burden of Care
4- quality of life of caregivers
Al-Hadi Hsan, et al. (2017) [47] Jordan to explore potential processes underpinning any observed effect received from psychoeducational intervention via booklet in (Hasan et al., 2015) 8 patients and 9 caregivers a qualitative process evaluation was undertaken, using audio-recorded face-to-face semi-structured interviews Pycho-education by booklet 1- acceptance
Soliman, et al. (2018) [45] Egypt to assess the effectiveness of patient and caregiver schizophrenia psycho-education program and its impact on improvement of psychopathology and quality of life (QoL) Intervention:
58 patients with their caregivers
Controls:
58 patients with their caregivers
non- randomized control trial Psycho-education 1- severity of symptoms
2- quality of life
El-Shafei, et al. (2008) [46] Egypt to establish a pilot study to examine the effect of family psycho-education and counselling on the outcome of schizophrenia especially regarding medication compliance, social functioning, clinical condition, relapse and hospitalizations Interventions:
15 patients with their caregivers
Controls:
15 patients with their caregivers
non- randomized control trial Family psycho-education and counselling 1- the level of social functioning
2- medication compliance
3- clinical condition
Ahmed E & Ghaith H (2018) [44] Egypt to investigate the effect of psycho-educational program on perception of burden and attitudes toward mental illness among caregivers of patients with schizophrenia Experimental group (25 caregivers)
Control group (25 caregivers)
A quasi-experimental design Psycho-education 1- caregiver burden
2- attitudes toward mental illness