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Table 4 Evaluation of clinical and obstetric history of severe symptoms of IPPD, Brazil, 2017 (n = 213)

From: Implications of the clinical gestational diagnosis of ZIKV infection in the manifestation of symptoms of postpartum depression: a case-control study

Characteristics PPD Symptomsb Statistics
Cases Controls OR (CI 95%) p*
n % n %
Clinical historya
 Dengue fever during pregnancy
  Yes 4 57.14 3 42.86 7.85(1.66–37.05) 0.014**
  No 27 14.52 159 85.48   
 Diagnosis of a STD
  Yes 3 30.00 7 70.00 2.19(0.54–8.93) 0.379**
  No 33 16.34 169 83.66   
 Family member diagnosed with a mental disorder
  Yes 12 25.53 35 74.47 2.54(1.09–5.93) 0.050*
  No 15 11.90 111 88.10   
Obstetric variables a
 Multiparous 27 20.45 105 79.55 2.31(1.00–5.38) 0.073*
 Primiparous 8 10.00 72 90.00   
 Current pregnancy was planned
  Yes 21 16.03 110 83.97 0.90(0.40–2.01) 0.964*
  No 11 17.46 52 82.54   
 Induced abortion
  Yes 2 66.67 1 33.33 10.42(0.92–118.31) 0.123**
  No 33 16.10 172 83.90   
 Spontaneous abortion
  Yes 8 17.178 37 82.22 1.09(0.46–2.60) 0.974*
  No 27 16.56 136 83.44   
 Risky pregnancy
  Yes 11 21.57 40 78.43 1.60(0.72–3.57) 0.347*
  No 23 14.65 134 85.35   
 Complications during pregnancy
  Yes 18 19.15 76 80.85 1.30(0.61–1.09) 0.630*
  No 14 15.38 77 84.62   
 Prenatal care
  No 9 26.47 25 73.53 1.99(0.84–4.72) 0.185*
  Yes 27 15.34 149 84.66   
 Cesarean section 24 15.48 131 84.52 0.81(0.36–1.82) 0.760*
 Vaginal delivery 10 18.52 44 81.48   
  1. OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval; χ2 test; *Mantel-Haenszel test;** Fisher’s Exact test aSome did not answer; bScore of ≥13 on the EPDS Edinburgh postnatal depression scale