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Table 3 Mean differences in global attitudes of containment methods among patients, relatives and staff, separated by study sites

From: Attitudinal variance among patients, next of kin and health care professionals towards the use of containment measures in three psychiatric hospitals in Switzerland

  Total Muensingen Zurich Monthey F (df) p eta squared
M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD)
Patients 2.77 (0.76) 2.78 (0.74)d,e 2.86 (0.81)e 2.68 (0.73) 24.68 (8, 953) 0.000 0.172
NOK 2.55 (0.54) 2.38 (0.59)f 2.55 (0.48)f 2.72 (0.55)
HCP 2.27 (0.42) 2.07 (0.38)a,b 2.14 (0.47)c 2.61 (0.40)a,c
  1. NOK Next-of-kin, HCP Healthcare professionals
  2. aMuensingen vs. Monthey, p < 0.05, Sidac post-hoc
  3. bMuensingen vs. Zurich, p < 0.05, Sidac post-hoc
  4. cMonthey vs. Zurich, p < 0.05, Sidac post-hoc
  5. dPatients vs. NOK within one study site, p < 0.05, Sidac post-hoc
  6. ePatients vs. HCP within one study site, p < 0.05, Sidac post-hoc
  7. fNOK vs. HCP within one study site, p < 0.05, Sidac post-hoc