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Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of bipolar patient and health control groups

From: Association between hyperuricemia and metabolic syndrome in patients suffering from bipolar disorder

Variable Patient Group (n = 318) Control Group (n = 160) X2 /t p
Age (years) 39.2 ± 13.1 38.5 ± 11.3 0.532 0.595
Male, n (%) 150 (47.2) 74 (46.3) 0.006 0.807
Education (years) 11.8 ± 3.5 11.7 ± 3.9 0.481 0.631
Married, n (%) 175 (55.0) 108 (67.5) 6.852 0.009
Smoker, n (%) 86 (27.0) 26 (16.3) 6.913 0.009
BMI(kg/m2) 24.8 ± 3.3 23.3 ± 2.6 4.955 < 0.001
Overweight, n (%) 145 (45.6) 48 (30.0) 10.757 0.001
Diastolic BP (mm Hg) 75.2 ± 8.4 73.8 ± 8.1 1.793 0.074
Systolic BP (mm Hg) 114.6 ± 11.1 113.5 ± 11.1 1.046 0.296
Hypertension, n (%) 91 (28.6) 29 (18.1) 6.231 0.013
WC (cm) 87.5 ± 11.1 83.6 ± 8.9 3.844 < 0.001
Increased WC, n (%) 186 (58.5) 53 (33.8) 26.062 < 0.001
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.2 ± 0.4 1.3 ± 0.4 3.331 0.001
Low HDL-C, n (%) 151 (47.5) 50 (31.3) 11.512 0.001
Triglyceride (mmol/L) 2.4 ± 1.5 1.4 ± 1.1 6.526 < 0.001
Hypertriglyceridemia, n (%) 118 (37.1) 37 (23.1) 9.497 0.002
FBG (mmol/L) 5.0 ± 1.2 4.8 ± 0.7 2.660 0.008
Hyperglycaemia, n (%) 75 (23.6) 22 (13.8) 6.365 0.012
MetS, n (%) 135 (42.5) 35 (21.9) 19.669 < 0.001
UA (mmol/L) 348.5 ± 91.8 300.2 ± 76.6 5.729 < 0.001
Hyperuricemia 88 (27.7) 19 (11.9) 15.290 < 0.001
  1. Data were mean ± SD unless otherwise indicated. BMI: body mass index; BP blood pressure, WC waist circumference, HDL-C high density lipoprotein cholesterol, FBG fasting blood glucose, MetS metabolic syndrome, UA uric acid