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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population according to the presence of a somatoform disorder as diagnosed using CIDI

From: Diagnosis of somatoform disorders in primary care: diagnostic agreement, predictors, and comaprisons with depression and anxiety

  Total With somatoform disorder Without somatoform disorder
n = 112 n = 97 (86.0%) n = 15 (14.0%)
Female sex, n (%) 88 (78.6%) 79 (81.4%) 9 (60.0%)
Age (years), M (SD) 47.1 (15.9) 45.5 (15.2) 57.5 (17.1)
School education, n (%)
  < 10 years 28 (25.5) 25 (26.0) 3 (21.4)
 10 years 35 (31.8) 29 (30.2) 6 (42.9)
  > 10 years 47 (42.7) 42 (43.8) 5 (35.7)
Marital status, n (%)
 Married 42 (37.8) 35 (36.5) 7 (46.7)
 Unmarried 38 (34.2) 35 (36.5) 3 (20.0)
 Separated, divorced, widowed 31 (27.9) 26 (27.1) 5 (33.3)
PHQ-15 score, M (SD) 14.6 (3.3) 14.9 (3.4) 13.2 (2.6)
Age (years) at the onset of somatoform symptoms, M (SD) 19.3 (13.7) 19.3 (13.7) n/a
Comorbid depressive disorder (CIDI) within the last 6 months, n (%) 50 (44.6) 43 (44.3) 7 (46.7)
Comorbid anxiety disorder (CIDI) within the last 6 months, n (%) 48 (42.9) 43 (44.3) 5 (33.3)
Currently in psychotherapy, n (%) 24 (22.0) 21 (22.3) 3 (20.0)
PCP visits within the past 6 months, M (SD) 6.1 (4.8) 6.0 (4.4) 6.6 (6.7)
Discussion of psychosocial distress with PCP, n (%)
 Never, seldom/rarely, sometimes 69 (61.6) 59 (60.8) 10 (66.7)
 Often, very often, always 43 (38.4) 38 (39.2) 5 (33.3)
  1. CIDI Composite International diagnostic interview
  2. PHQ-15 Patient Health Questionnaire
  3. PCP Primary care physician