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Table 4 Results of the multiple hierarchical regression analysis

From: Assessment of grief-related rumination: validation of the German version of the Utrecht Grief Rumination Scale (UGRS)

  B SE B β ΔR2
Step 1 (df = 3, 114)     .037
 Constant 25.078 9.470  
 Age −0.024 0.117 −.020  
 Gender 5.283 3.429 .145  
 Time since loss 3.304 2.800 .109  
Step 2 (df = 2, 112)     .533***
 Constant −11.229 7.096  
 Age −0.051 0.080 −.041  
 Gender 2.497 2.377 .068  
 Time since loss −0.977 1.923 −.032  
 HADS-depression 1.487 0.219 .504***  
 HADS-anxiety 1.119 0.244 .348***  
Step 3 (df = 2, 110)     .042**
 Constant −15.458 7.067  
 Age 0.011 0.078 .009  
 Gender 1.586 2.315 .043  
 Time since loss −1.639 1.866 −.054  
 HADS-depression 1.446 0.216 .490***  
 HADS-anxiety 0.898 0.243 .279***  
 Brooding 1.012 0.298 .253**  
 Reflection −0.242 0.325 −.052  
Step 3 (df = 1, 109)     .127***
 Constant −17.326 5.824  
 Age −0.014 0.065 −.011  
 Gender 1.496 1.906 .041  
 Time since loss −2.436 1.540 −.081  
 HADS-depression 1.013 0.187 .344***  
 HADS-anxiety 0.561 0.205 .174**  
 Brooding 0.169 0.271 −.042  
 Reflection −0.175 0.267 −.038  
 UGRS 0.511 0.070 .503***  
  1. Legend: Results of the multiple hierarchical regression with forced blockwise entry. Criterion: complicated grief symptoms (ICG Score). Demographic characteristics and time since loss entered in the first block, depressive and anxiety symptoms in the second, brooding and reflection in the third, and grief-related rumination (UGRS Score) in the last block. ** p < .01, *** p < .001. Only participants were included whose loss occurred more than six months ago. Gender was dummy-coded; Time since loss was dummy-coded with 0 indicating a loss 12 to 36 months ago and 1 indicating a loss 6 to 12 months ago