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Table 4 Traumata studied

From: Relationship between interpersonal trauma exposure and addictive behaviors: a systematic review

  N %
Among studies using one variable to assess trauma exposure
 Unspecified trauma 40 22.1
 Specific combination of trauma types 35 19.3
 Sexual abusea 15 8.3
 Other (than physical or sexual) abuse directed towards the individual 7 3.9
 Other (than physical or sexual) abuse not directed towards the individual 7 3.9
 Physical abusea 6 3.3
Among studies using several variables to assess trauma exposure
 Sexual abuse + physical abuse 12 6.6
 Specific combination of types + undetermined trauma 10 5.5
 Sexual abuse + physical abuse + other abuse directed towards the individual 6 3.3
 Other abuse not directed towards the individual + undetermined trauma 6 3.3
 Sexual abuse + physical abuse + other abuse directed towards the individual + specific combination of types 5 2.8
 Physical abuse + other abuse directed towards the individual 3 1.7
 Sexual abuse + physical abuse + other abuse not directed towards the individual 3 1.7
 Sexual abuse + other abuse directed towards the individual 3 1.7
 Sexual abuse + undetermined trauma 3 1.7
 Other abuse directed towards the individual + other abuse not directed towards the individual 2 1.1
 Other abuse directed towards the individual + specific combination of types 2 1.1
 Physical abuse + specific combination of types 2 1.1
 Sexual abuse + physical abuse + other abuse directed towards the individual + other abuse not directed towards the individual 2 1.1
 Sexual abuse + physical abuse + other abuse directed towards the individual + other abuse not directed towards the individual + specific combination of types 2 1.1
 Sexual abuse + specific combination of types 2 1.1
 Other abuse directed towards the individual + undetermined trauma 1 0.6
 Other abuse not directed towards the individual + specific combination of types 1 0.6
 Physical abuse + other abuse directed towards the individual + specific combination of types 1 0.6
 Physical abuse + other abuse not directed towards the individual 1 0.6
 Sexual abuse + physical abuse + other abuse not directed towards the individual + specific combination of types 1 0.6
 Sexual abuse + physical abuse + other abuse not directed towards the individual + undetermined trauma 1 0.6
 Sexual abuse + physical abuse + specific combination of types 1 0.6
 Sexual abuse + physical abuse + undetermined trauma 1 0.6
  1. aThe term abuse is used in the table in a broad sense, including forms of both abuse and assault