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Table 6 Comparison of CES-D and its subscales between low-level rumination group and high-level group

From: Psychometric properties of the 10-item ruminative response scale in Chinese university students

Scale low-level rumination (n = 749) high-level rumination (n = 874) Mean difference P value Cohen’s d
Depressed Affect 10.48 ± 4.00 12.59 ± 3.52 -2.11 0.00 -0.56
Positive Affect 13.18 ± 2.19 12.00 ± 2.34 1.18 0.00 0.51
Somatic Complaints 10.68 ± 3.40 12.78 ± 3.15 -2.10 0.00 -0.64
Interpersonal 2.76 ± 1.12 3.30 ± 1.22 -0.53 0.00 -0.46
CES-D 30.75 ± 9.62 36.66 ± 8.48 -5.92 0.00 -0.65