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Table 4 Questionnaires distributed to the staff and the leading ward registered nurse based on the RE-AIM-framework a for the evaluation of complex interventions

From: TIME – Targeted interdisciplinary model for evaluation and treatment of neuropsychiatric symptoms: protocol for an effectiveness-implementation cluster randomized hybrid trial

What is assessed Questionnaire Corresponding dimension of the RE-AIM framework Time frame Respondents in the nursing homes (NH)
Proportion of staff members participating in education and training sessions A registration form to assess participation of staff in education and training sessions Reach: proportion of staff in INH that actually participated in the intervention during the trial At the start of the intervention during education sessions All staff members in intervention nursing homes (INH)
Individual participation of staff members in effectuating the components of the model Self-developed questionnaire Reach: as above Maintenance: extent to which the model is sustained over time 6 and 12 months after the start of the intervention All staff members in INH
Attitudes towards persons with dementia, mastery, social interaction, job satisfaction and self-assessment of competence with neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) Approaches to the Dementia Questionnaire b, QPS-Nordic c and a self-developed questionnaire for assessment of competence with NPS Efficacy: outcomes regarding knowledge, skills and/or attitudes of the staff in NH 1 month before, and 6 and 12 months after the start of the intervention All staff members in control nursing homes (CNH) and in INH
Clinical routines in place in NH, i.e., questions assessing daily routines of practice for assessment and treatment of NPS Self-developed questionnaire based on evidence-informed best practice for assessment and treatment of NPS Adoption: proportion of wards that will adopt the intervention Maintenance: extent to which the model is sustained over time 1 month before and 6 and 12 months after the start of the intervention Leading ward registered nurse in INH and CNH
Fidelity to the main components in the model Interview of TIME administrators by telephone using a checklist based on the components in the TIME manual Implementation: extent to which the intervention is actually implemented 3 brief interviews, the first one 3 weeks after the start of the intervention and then at 1-month intervals TIME administrators in INH
Organizational structure in the nursing homes: size of wards, type of unit, number of staff, etc. Self-developed questionnaire Implementation: possibility to assess and analyse implementation barriers and facilitators At the start of the intervention Leading ward registered nurse in INH and CNH
  1. aRE-AIM framework: Reach-Efficacy-Adoption-Implementation-Maintenance [32]
  2. bGeneral Nordic Questionnaire for Psychological and Social Factors at Work (QPS-Nordic) [33]
  3. cApproaches to Dementia Questionnaire (ADQ) [34]