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Table 3 Helpful services provided by SPC staff

From: Service user views of spiritual and pastoral care (chaplaincy) in NHS mental health services: a co-produced constructivist grounded theory investigation

Religious provision Pastoral provision
Formal religious service Listening
Prayer The social side of religious services
Spiritual advice/guidance Providing an emotional connection
Holy Communion* Providing hope/self-worth
Confession^ A critical friend
Normalising faith A bridge between community and ward
  ‘Tending the good in someone’
  1. *Holy Communion, shared between Christians, involves breaking bread and wine to commemorate Jesus’ life, death, and resurrection. It is usually a communal ceremony
  2. ^Confession, a mainly Roman Catholic practice, involves sharing perceived wrongdoings with a priest in the anticipation of divine forgiveness