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Table 2 The relationship between demographic, socioeconomic characteristics and each subscale score of the Scale of Public Attitudes about Suicide (SPAS) among 983 residents in Shenyang

From: Attitudes towards suicide in urban and rural China: a population based, cross-sectional study

Variables N aSubscale 1: preventability aSubscale 2: self-control aSubscale 3: stigmatizing aSubscale 4: understanding and empathy aSubscale 5: controlling others aSubscale 6: social importance aSubscale 7: dissimilarity
Age (years)        
 r 983 −0.155** −0.151** −0.327** 0.074* −0.162** −0.206** −0.246**
Years of education        
 r 983 0.158 ** 0.156 ** 0.197 ** −0.010 0.089** 0.055 0.084**
Median (Interquartile range)         
Gender        
 Female 611 50.00 (29.17) 50.00 (30.00) 22.50 (30.00)* 64.29 (25.00) 50.00 (29.17) 20.00 (30.00) 45.00 (40.00)
 Male 372 50.00 (29.17) 50.00 (35.00) 27.50 (32.50) 64.29 (28.57) 50.00 (29.17) 20.00 (30.00) 40.00 (40.00)
Ethnicity        
 Han 897 50.00 (33.33) 50.00 (30.00) 22.50 (30.00) 67.86 (28.57)* 50.00 (29.17) 20.00 (25.00) 45.00 (40.00)
 Other 86 58.33 (26.04) 50.00 (40.00) 27.50 (35.63) 60.71 (25.00) 50.00 (30.21) 20.00 (21.25) 45.00(45.00)
Religious belief        
 Yes 147 50.00 (33.33) 50.00 (30.00) 25.00 (30.00) 64.29 (25.00) 52.08 (29.17) 20.00 (25.00) 40.00 (40.00)
 No 836 50.00 (25.00) 22.50 (40.00) 20.00 (32.50) 67.86 (28.57) 50.00 (29.17) 20.00 (30.00) 50.00 (45.00)
Marital statusb        
 Unmarried 128 58.33 (32.29) ** 60.00 (28.75) ** 40.00 (20.00) ** 60.71 (21.43)* 62.50 (29.17)** 25.00 (23.75)** 55.00 (33.75)**
 Married 731 50.00 (29.17) 50.00 (30.00) 22.50 (27.50) 64.29 (25.00) 50.00 (29.17) 20.00 (30.00) 40.00 (40.00)
 Divorced 28 41.67 (32.29) 47.50 (52.50) 20.00 (43.75) 57.14 (39.29) 41.67 (28.13) 15.00 (33.75) 30.00 (52.50)
 Widowed 96 50.00 (28.13) 45.00 (33.75) 16.25 (21.88) 67.86 (34.82) 50.00 (36.46) 10.00 (25.00) 35.00 (45.00)
Insurance        
 Yes 590 50.00 (33.33)* 50.00 (35.00) 27.50 (37.50) ** 60.71 (30.36)** 50.00 (29.17) 20.00 (30.00) 45.00 (45.00)**
 No 393 50.00 (29.17) 50.00 (30.00) 20.00 (27.50) 67.86 (28.57) 50.00 (29.17) 20.00 (30.00) 40.00 (40.00)
Jobb        
 Yes 538 54.17 (29.17) ** 55.00 (30.00) ** 27.50 (35.00) ** 64.29 (25.00)** 54.17 (25.00)** 25.00 (26.25)** 50.00 (41.25)**
 No 148 43.75 (25.00) 45.00 (30.00) 25.00 (29.38) 60.71 (28.57) 50.00 (29.17) 20.00 (25.00) 45.00 (35.00)
 Retired 296 50.00 (28.13) 50.00 (35.00) 17.50 (22.50) 71.43 (32.14) 50.00 (33.33) 15.00 (30.00) 25.00 (45.00)
Living alone        
 Yes 80 50.00 (28.13) 50.00 (25.00) 20.00 (38.75) 67.86 (37.50) 50.00 (33.33) 20.00 (33.75) 40.00 (45.00)*
 No 903 50.00 (29.17) 50.00 (30.00) 22.50 (30.00) 64.29 (25.00) 50.00 (29.17) 20.00 (25.00) 45.00 (40.00)
Economic statusb        
 Poor 236 45.83 (29.17) 50.00 (30.00) 25.00 (32.50) 60.71 (28.57)* 50.00 (29.17) 20.00 (30.00) 45.00 (40.00)
 General 663 50.00 (29.17) 50.00 (35.00) 22.50 (30.00) 67.86 (28.57) 50.00 (29.17) 20.00 (25.00) 45.00 (40.00)
 Good 84 45.83 (25.00) 40.00 (38.75) 20.00 (31.88) 62.50 (34.82) 50.00 (37.50) 20.00 (28.75) 35.00 (45.00)
Region        
 Urban 655 50.00 (29.17) 50.00 (35.00) 22.50 (30.00) 64.29 (32.14) 50.00 (29.17) 20.00 (30.00)** 40.00 (40.00)**
 Rural 328 50.00 (29.17) 50.00 (30.00) 25.00 (30.00) 64.29 (25.00) 54.17 (29.17) 25.00 (28.75) 50.00 (40.00)
Suicidal ideation        
 Yes 57 50.00 (35.42) 50.00 (40.00) 37.50 (37.50) ** 57.14 (28.57)** 50.00 (27.08) 30.00 (22.50)** 50.00 (40.00)
 No 917 50.00 (29.17) 50.00 (30.00) 22.50 (30.00) 67.86 (28.57) 50.00 (29.17) 20.00 (25.00) 45.00 (40.00)
Relatives’ suicidal behavior       
 Yes 52 58.33 (29.17)* 50.00 (43.75) 27.50 (32.50) 60.71 (31.25) 50.00 (25.00) 20.00 (20.00) 45.00 (52.50)
 No 922 50.00 (33.33) 50.00 (30.00) 22.50 (30.00) 67.86 (25.89) 50.00 (29.17) 20.00 (25.00) 45.00 (40.00)
  1. aEach adjusted subscale score has a continuous range of 0–100
  2. Subscale 1: Respondent believes suicide can be prevented
  3. Subscale 2: Respondent believes individuals are able to control their own suicidal tendencies
  4. Subscale 3: Respondent holds stigmatizing attitudes about suicide
  5. Subscale 4: Respondent is understanding of and feels empathy for persons with suicidal behavior
  6. Subscale 5: Respondent believes suicidal behavior is an effective method of controlling others
  7. Subscale 6: Respondent believes that suicide is an important social problem
  8. Subscale 7: Respondent believes that suicides and suicide attempts are essentially different
  9. bmultiple comparison test result: * P < 0.05; ** P < 0.01