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Table 1 Sample characteristics (n = 173)

From: The Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness (ISMI) scale: validation of the Japanese version

Characteristic   Mean (S.D.) or % (n)
Age   49.7 years (12.0)
Period of mental illness   24.3 years (12.1)
Gender Male 64.2 % (111)
  Female 35.8 % (62)
Residence Gunma Prefecture 35.8 % (62)
  Niigata Prefecture 64.2 % (111)
Education Junior high school 36.4 % (63)
  High school 41.6 % (72)
  Junior college or vocational school 12.1 % (21)
  University degree or higher 9.8 % (17)
Marital status Single 75.1 % (130)
  Married 6.4 % (11)
  Divorced or widowed 18.5 % (32)
Cohabitation Cohabitation 38.2 % (66)
  Living alone 61.8 % (107)
Seif-reported diagnosis Schizophrenia 81.5 % (141)
  Bipolar disorder 5.8 % (10)
  Depression 8.1 % (14)
  Personality disorder 1.2 % (2)
  Adjustment disorder 0.6 % (1)
  Other 2.9 % (5)
Period of facility use Less than 6 months 4.0 % (7)
  6 months to less than 1 year 13.9 % (24)
  1 year or more 82.1 % (142)