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Table 3 Final Multivariate Linear Regression Model of factors associated with depression as measured by BDI-II

From: Factors associated with depression among adolescents living with HIV in Malawi

Variable Beta Coefficient [95 % CI] P-value
Age 0.54 [−0.38, 1.46] 0.25
Female 2.13 [0.82, 3.43] 0.002
Grade   
Not in school/Junior Primary School 3.84 [1.71, 5.98] 0.0005
Senior Primary School 3.17 [1.45, 4.89]
Secondary School or Tertiary Reference
Nobody in my family has died −1.77 [−3.15, −0.39] 0.01
Did not fail school term/class −1.46 [−2.76, −0.17] 0.03
Bullying for taking medication 5.31 [3.19, 7.43] <0.0001
Never had a boyfriend/girlfriend −2.38 [−4.35, −0.41] 0.02
Satisfaction with physical appearance- happy with the way I look −1.06 [−3.74, 1.63] 0.44
HIV disclosure status   
Disclosed and have shared with someone −1.83 [−3.79, 0.13] 0.02
Disclosed, have not shared with anyone 0.23 [−1.65, 2.10]
Not disclosed Reference
Level of immunosuppression   
None or not significant −2.58 [−4.29, −0.87] 0.0009
Mild −0.10 [−2.08, 1.88]
Advanced 0.23 [−2.00, 2.47]
Severe Reference
Height for age z-score 0.23 [−0.67, 1.12] 0.62
Age* satisfaction with physical appearance interaction −0.93 [−1.74, −0.11] 0.03
Age* Height for age z-score interaction −0.39 [−0.68, −0.11] 0.007