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Table 2 Associations between fruit and vegetable intake and psychological distress in the Swiss population (Swiss Health Survey [50]); multinomial logistic regressiona

From: Associations between fruit and vegetable consumption and psychological distress: results from a population-based study

  Total (n = 20,220)
Distress level low moderate high
   OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI
Vegetables/salad and/or vegetable juice (at least 3 portions per day)
unadjusted model 1 0.87 [0.76,1.00] 0.58 [0.46,0.74]
age and sex adjusted model 1 0.81 [0.70,0.93] 0.47 [0.37,0.61]
multivariable adjusted modelb 1 0.93 [0.80,1.07] 0.64 [0.50,0.83]
multivariable adjusted model plus dietc 1 0.93 [0.81,1.07] 0.64 [0.49,0.82]
Fruit and/or fruit juice (at least two portions per day)
unadjusted model 1 0.84 [0.76,0.94] 0.84 [0.70,1.00]
age and sex adjusted model 1 0.80 [0.71,0.89] 0.75 [0.62,0.90]
multivariable adjusted modelb 1 0.84 [0.75,0.94] 0.85 [0.70,1.03]
multivariable adjusted model plus dietc 1 0.83 [0.74,0.93] 0.84 [0.69,1.02]
At least 3 portions of vegetables and 2 portions of fruit per day (5-a-day)
unadjusted model 1 0.78 [0.66,0.91] 0.50 [0.38,0.67]
age and sex adjusted model 1 0.71 [0.60,0.84] 0.41 [0.30,0.54]
multivariable adjusted modelb 1 0.82 [0.69,0.97] 0.56 [0.41,0.76]
multivariable adjusted model plus dietc 1 0.82 [0.69,0.97] 0.55 [0.41,0.75]
  1. aWeighted
  2. bAdjusted for age, sex, nationality, smoking status, alcohol consumption, body mass index, physical activity, chronic diseases, education
  3. cAdjusted for age, sex, nationality, smoking status, alcohol consumption, body mass index, physical activity, chronic diseases, education, meat consumption, fish consumption, dairy products consumption