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Table 1 Demographic and health characteristic information for schizophrenia caregivers and non-caregiver controls

From: Assessing health status in informal schizophrenia caregivers compared with health status in non-caregivers and caregivers of other conditions

  Total Non-caregiver Schizophrenia caregiver for adult relative P-value
(N = 159,387) (N = 158,989) (N = 398)
Age (years)     0.156
 Mean ± SD 46.44 ± 15.86 46.44 ± 15.86 45.31 ± 15.77  
Country     <0.001
 France (%) 40399 (25.35 %) 40326 (25.36 %) 73 (18.34 %)  
 Germany (%) 41176 (25.83 %) 41094 (25.85 %) 82 (20.60 %)  
 Italy (%) 21708 (13.62 %) 21639 (13.61 %) 69 (17.34 %)  
 Spain (%) 14936 (9.37 %) 14863 (9.35 %) 73 (18.34 %)  
 UK (%) 41168 (25.83 %) 41067 (25.83 %) 101 (25.38 %)  
Gender     0.001
 Female (%) 81915 (51.39 %) 81678 (51.37 %) 237 (59.55 %)  
 Male (%) 77472 (48.61 %) 77311 (48.63 %) 161 (40.45 %)  
Marital status     0.029
 Single (%) 59243 (37.17 %) 59074 (37.16 %) 169 (42.46 %)  
 Married/living with partner (%) 100144 (62.83 %) 99915 (62.84 %) 229 (57.54 %)  
Education level     0.051
 Less than college/university degree (%) 105151 (65.97 %) 104870 (65.96 %) 281 (70.60 %)  
 College/university degree (%) 54236 (34.03 %) 54119 (34.04 %) 117 (29.40 %)  
Annual household income     <0.001
 <€20,000/<£20,000 (%) 44431 (27.88 %) 44272 (27.85 %) 159 (39.95 %)  
 €20,000 to < €50,000/£20,000 to < £40,000 (%) 67854 (42.57 %) 67693 (42.58 %) 161 (40.45 %)  
 ≥€50,000/≥£40,000 (%) 25151 (15.78 %) 25092 (15.78 %) 59 (14.82 %)  
 Decline to answer (%) 21951 (13.77 %) 21932 (13.79 %) 19 (4.77 %)  
Employment status     0.038
 Not currently employed (%) 67516 (42.36 %) 67327 (42.35 %) 189 (47.49 %)  
 Employed (%) 91871 (57.64 %) 91662 (57.65 %) 209 (52.51 %)  
Body mass index     0.996
 Underweight (%) 4483 (2.81 %) 4472 (2.81 %) 11 (2.76 %)  
 Normal weight (%) 69560 (43.64 %) 69390 (43.64 %) 170 (42.71 %)  
 Overweight (%) 52470 (32.92 %) 52338 (32.92 %) 132 (33.17 %)  
 Obese (%) 28630 (17.96 %) 28556 (17.96 %) 74 (18.59 %)  
 Decline to provide weight (%) 4244 (2.66 %) 4233 (2.66 %) 11 (2.76 %)  
Alcohol use     0.281
 Do not drink alcohol (%) 34504 (21.65 %) 34409 (21.64 %) 95 (23.87 %)  
 Drink alcohol (%) 124883 (78.35 %) 124580 (78.36 %) 303 (76.13 %)  
Smoking behavior     <0.001
 Non-smoker (%) 65277 (40.96 %) 65165 (40.99 %) 112 (28.14 %)  
 Former smoker (%) 52450 (32.91 %) 52310 (32.90 %) 140 (35.18 %)  
 Current smoker (%) 41660 (26.14 %) 41514 (26.11 %) 146 (36.68 %)  
Exercise behavior     0.505
 Do not exercise (%) 65460 (41.07 %) 65290 (41.07 %) 170 (42.71 %)  
 Exercise at least once a month (%) 93927 (58.93 %) 93699 (58.93 %) 228 (57.29 %)  
Charlson comorbidity index     <0.001
 Mean ± SD 0.28 ± 0.77 0.28 ± 0.77 0.61 ± 1.26