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Table 3 The frequency distribution of exposure to traumatic event among Somali refugees at Melkadida camp, Southeast Ethiopia, 2014(n = 831)

From: Prevalence of depression and associated factors among Somali refugee at melkadida camp, southeast Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Trauma events Yes N (%) No N (%)
<12 month ≥12 months  
lack of food or water 264 (31.8) 354 (42.6) 213 (25.6)
Unnatural death of family 21 (2.5) 420 (50.5) 390 (46.9)
combat situation 45 (5.4) 432 (52) 354 (42.6)
Murder of family/friend 40 (4.8) 335 (40.3) 456 (54.9)
Very ill without medical care 98 (11.8) 271 (32.6) 462 (55.6)
Lack of housing or shelter 158 (19) 335 (40.3) 338 (40.7)
Being close to death 65 (7.8) 255 (30.7) 511 (61.5)
Forced separation from family 14 (1.7) 218 (26.2) 599 (72.1)
Tortured or beaten 28 (3.4) 246 (29.6) 557 (67)
Forced isolation from others 16 (1.9) 245 (29.5) 570 (68.6)
Murder of stranger 13 (1.6) 242 (29.1) 576 (69.3)
Forced to accept thoughts of other 78 (9.4) 334 (40.2) 419 (50.4)
Imprisonment 82 (9.9) 293 (35.3) 456 (54.9)
Being abducted or kidnapped 3 (0.4) 84 (10.1) 744 (89.5)
Rape or sexual abuse 2 (.2) 51 (6.2) 776 (93.4)