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Table 2 Demographic and clinical characteristics of the research and reference groups

From: Coping styles in substance use disorder (SUD) patients with and without co-occurring attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD)

  Ref. Group SUD SUD + ASD SUD + ADHD
N 1200 50 31 41
Male (%) 95.6 72 94 68
Age mean 43 46 40 37
Living (%)     
Alone 9 38 52 37
With parents   16 10 5
With partner   28 12 17
With partner and children 88 12 7 29
With children alone   - - 5
Protected living   - 19 2
Otherwise 3 6 - 5
Income (%)     
Employed 100 30 26 39
Partner, family, friends   12 3 2
Social welfare unemployment   28 29 27
Social welfare; declared unfit to work   26 42 27
Otherwise   4 - 5
Education (%) not applicable    
None   8 3 7
Primary Education   24 36 44
Secondary Education   35 39 35
Highschool   28 16 15
University   6 7 -
Type of treatment (%) not applicable    
None   8 5 12
Outpatient detox   2 - -
Clinical detox   6 3 12
Outpatient_ drug free treatment   58 65 59
Clinical_ drug free treatment   10 3 5
Daycare   14 - 2
Mental health hospital   2 7 -
Otherwise   - 7 7
Primary drugs (%) no information    
Complete remission   4 3 2
Alcohol   66 71 39
Heroin   4 - 2
Cocaine   8 7 7
Amphetamines   - 3 15
Cannabis   18 13 24
More than one   - 3 10