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Table 3 Outcomes investigated in the eleven included studies

From: The clinical and cost effectiveness of group art therapy for people with non-psychotic mental health disorders: a systematic review and cost-effectiveness analysis

Study author & year Outcome domains investigated Outcome measures Time points
Beebe 2010 [29] Quality of life; behavioural & emotional adaptation Paediatric Quality of Life (PedsQL) Asthma module Beck Youth Inventories–Second Edition 7 weeks & 6 months
Broome 2001 [13] Coping and health care utilisation Schoolagers Coping Strategies Inventory (SCSI) Adolescent Coping Orientation for Problem Experiences (A-COPE) ER visits; clinic visits; hospital admissions 4 weeks & 12 months
Gussak 2007 [30] Depression Beck Depression Inventory-Short Form (BDI) Exact time point NR “Post test”
Hattori 2011 [24] Mood; vitality; behavioural impairment; QoL; activities of daily living (ADL); cognitive function Mini-Mental State Examination Score (MMSE) Wechler Memory Scale revised (WMS-R) Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS); Apathy Scale (Japanese version) SF-8–Physical (PCS-8)& Mental (MCS-8) components Barthel Index Dementia Behaviour Disturbance Scale (DBD) Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview 12 weeks
Kim 2013 [15] Positive/negative affect; state-trait anxiety; self-esteem Positive & Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) Rosenberg Self = Esteem Scale (RSES) NR: assume 4 weeks
Lyshak-Stelzer 2007 [18] PTSD symptoms UCLA PTSD Reaction Index for DSM-IV Child Version Milieu behavioural measures e.g. use of restraints NR: reports (n)s for 2 years. Study is ongoing in a further 15 patients
McCaffrey et al. 2011 [19] Depression Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) 6 weeks
Monti 2006 [16] Symptoms of distress including depression, anxiety and quality of life Symptom Checklist 90 Revised (SCL-90-R) Global Severity Index (GSI) Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) 8 & 16 weeks
Monti 2012 [17] Correlation of CBF on fMRI with experimental condition fMRI Cerebral blood flow (CBF) and correlation with anxiety using Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) Within 2 weeks of end of 8-week programme
Rusted 2006 [20] Depression; mood; sociability and physical involvement Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia (CSDD) The Multi Observational Scale for the Elderly (MOSES) The Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) The Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test (RBMIT) Tests of Everyday Attention (TEA) Benton Fluency Task 10; 20 & 40 weeks during trial then 44 & 56 week follow up
Thyme 2007 [14] Stress reactions after a range of traumatic events; Mental health symptoms; Depression Impact of Event Scale (IES) Symptom Check List (SCL-90) Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) Hamilton Rating Scale of Depression (HRSD) 10 weeks & 3 month follow up