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Table 6 Demographic, clinical and legal characteristics of absconders and controls

From: The impact of structured decision making on absconding by forensic psychiatric patients: results from an A-B design study

  Absconders ( N  = 91) Controls ( N  = 88)  
  M SD M SD F / KW H
Age 40.76 12.20 39.86 11.02 0.27
Days under ORB 2199.33 1977.01 1325.16 1022.31 12.37**
PCL-R total score 18.40 6.20 16.13 6.79 3.80*
HCR-20 total score 26.00 5.09 21.90 6.07 22.10**
  N % N % χ 2
Sex (male) 69 83.0 73 75.8 1.39
Ethnicity      
  Caucasian 44 53.7 25 32.9 7.87*
  Afro-Caribbean 29 35.4 34 44.7
  Asian 9 11.0 17 22.4
History of absconding (yes) 51 57.3 0 0.0 69.55**
Prior absconding attempts (yes) 25 30.1 5 5.8 17.09**
Diagnosis      
  Primary psychotic disorder 22 24.2 35 39.8 5.05*
  Comorbid psychosis + substance abuse 55 60.4 43 48.9
Personality disorder indicated (yes) 38 41.8 25 28.4 3.50*
Index offense      
  Violent 65 71.4 58 65.9 0.77
  Non-violent 16 17.6 17 19.3
  Sexual 10 11.0 13 14.8
  1. Note. ORB = Ontario Review Board; PCL-R = Psychopathy Checklist, Revised; HCR-20 = Historical, Clinical, Risk Management-20. The absconding group contains all non-overlapping clients who absconded between January 1, 2010 and February 28, 2014.
  2. Denotes a variable that was matched across absconding and control groups (age, sex), or held to = 0 in the control group (history of absconding).
  3. *p < .05.**p ≤ .01.