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Table 2 Events occurring in the month prior to absconsion - % of all incidents (N= 188)

From: The impact of structured decision making on absconding by forensic psychiatric patients: results from an A-B design study

  A Sept 1 2010 – Feb 29 2012 ( n  = 89) Interim Mar 1 2012 – Aug 31 2012 ( n  = 40) B Sept 1 2012 – Feb 28 2014 ( n  = 59) χ 2
Medication change 38.2 10.0 22.0 18.74**
Noncompliance with medication 23.6 5.0 17.0 6.62*
Change in symptoms/mental status noted 32.6 17.5 25.4 3.30
Stressful/adverse event noted 32.6 17.5 27.1 3.15
Suicidal ideation expressed 3.4 2.5 8.5 --
Absconding ideation expressed 28.1 22.5 27.1 0.45
Attempted absconding 7.9 0.0 3.4 --
Noncompliance with privileges/passes 50.6 27.5 25.4 11.82**
Change in privilege level 93.3 72.5 57.6 26.74**
Engagement in violence (incl. threats) 18.0 42.5 37.4 10.70**
Engagement in substance use 14.6 15.0 5.1 3.65
  1. *p < .05. **p < .01. The Freeman-Halton extension of the Fisher exact probability test (two-tailed) was performed alongside the χ2 computation.
  2. --χ2 not calculated due to > 20% of cells having sample sizes < 5.