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Table 5 Logistic regression models of variables associated with treatments received and dropout during the depressive episode g, f

From: Treatment received and treatment adequacy of depressive disorders among young adults in Finland

   Pharmacotherapy Visits with a physician/a year Guideline-concordant pharmacotherapy c Sessions of psychotherapy/a year Minimally adequate treatment e Treatment dropout f
   Any a ≥2 months Any b ≥4 times   Any d ≥8 times   
Variable Category OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Gender Male (ref.) 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
  Female 1.42 0.58-3.49 0.89 0.34-2.30 **4.45 1.58-12.54 2.01 0.67-6.01 0.97 0.30-3.13 *2.53 1.04-6.16 *3.37 1.20-9.46 2.15 0.86-5.34 2.67 0.42-17.06
Agegroup <25 years (ref.) 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
  25-29 years **0.20 0.07-0.57 *0.30 0.10-0.92 **0.18 0.05-0.63 0.89 0.28-2.81 0.32 0.09-1.13 0.56 0.20-1.60 0.39 0.14-1.14 0.36 0.13-1.01 1.80 0.23-14.07
  ≥30 years 0.40 0.12-1.28 0.67 0.20-2.27 0.36 0.09-1.45 0.67 0.18-2.45 0.28 0.06-1.27 0.61 0.18-1.99 0.44 0.13-1.49 0.63 0.20-2.02 2.43 0.23-25.40
Age at the onset of Continuous 1.02 0.93-1.12 1.00 0.90-1.11 1.08 0.97-1.20 0.95 0.86-1.06 1.00 0.88-1.14 0.98 0.90-1.08 0.99 0.89-1.09 0.96 0.87-1.05 0.95 0.79-1.14
depression                    
Basic education Less than high school (ref.) 1.00   1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
  High school 0.78 0.36-1.72 1.02 0.43-2.40 0.47 0.20-1.14 0.57 0.23-1.38 1.10 0.39-3.08 1.01 0.47-2.18 0.80 0.36-1.79 0.66 0.30-1.45 *0.15 0.03-0.86
Major No (ref.) 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
depressive disorder Yes 1.90 0.74-4.87 2.66 0.81-8.77 2.00 0.77-5.24 *5.44 1.40-21.12 3.21 0.66-15.48 1.79 0.75-4.25 1.40 0.54-3.63 1.59 0.63-3.97 1.21 0.24-6.12
Suicide attempts No (ref.) 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
  Yes 1.14 0.33-3.86 0.84 0.23-3.15 0.88 0.19-4.08 1.89 0.51-6.96 1.65 0.36-7.66 1.74 0.47-6.46 0.43 0.11-1.80 0.39 0.10-1.43 *6.73 1.10-41.17
Comorbid No (ref.) 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
anxiety disorder Yes 1.25 0.56-2.79 1.85 0.80-4.27 1.72 0.67-4.44 1.59 0.67-3.78 1.88 0.69-5.12 0.78 0.35-1.73 1.19 0.52-2.71 0.83 0.38-1.83 1.66 0.44-6.31
Comorbid substance No (ref.) 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
use disorder Yes 2.66 0.85-8.32 1.91 0.57-6.47 **8.29 1.69-40.58 2.51 0.70-9.02 0.99 0.22-4.49 2.80 0.84-9.35 1.36 0.39-4.78 1.75 0.56-5.42 3.69 0.56-24.52
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01. These p-values indicate a significance of the difference of the odds ratios between categories tested by χ2-test.
  2. aAntidepressant prescribed.
  3. bAt least 1 visit with a physician a year.
  4. cAntidepressant used for at least 2 months + 4 visits with a physician a year.
  5. dAt least 1 session of psychotherapy a year.
  6. eAntidepressant used for at least 2 months + at least 4 visits with a physician a year or at least 8 sessions of psychotherapy a year or a hospitalization for depressive symptoms lasting for at least 4 days.
  7. fA participant discontinued the visits despite adequate treatment plan.
  8. gThe most recent depressive episode.
  9. f All the variables were entered simultaneously into a logistic regression model.
  10. OR = Odds ratio; 95% CI = 95% confidence interval.