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Table 3 Psychological and clinical correlates of Major Depressive Disorder in the Wayo- Nero study population, Northern Uganda

From: Major depressive disorder seven years after the conflict in northern Uganda: burden, risk factors and impact on outcomes (The Wayo-Nero Study)

  Number in study (N,%) Major depressive disorder (n,%) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR§(95% CI) p-value
Positive Coping Style index      
Low 479 (19.9) 284 (59.3) 1 1  
Medium 705 (29.3) 164 (23.3) 0.21 (0.16-0.27) 0.23 (0.18-0.30) <0.001
High 1222 (50.8) 151 (12.4) 0.10 (0.08-0.12) 0.11 (0.08-0.14) <0.001
Past Psychiatric history      
No 2156 (90.1) 485 (22.5) 1 1  
Yes 173 (7.2) 89 (51.5) 3.65 (2.66-5.00) 3.64 (2.62-5.05) <0.001
Don’t Know 64 (2.7) 22 (34.4) 1.80 (1.07-3.05) 1.54 (0.89-2.68) 0.127
Childhood Trauma index      
1-2 1668 (70.7) 353 (21.2) 1 1  
3 608 (25.8) 193 (31.7) 1.73 (1.41-2.13) 2.07 (1.66-2.59) <0.001
4-5 85 (3.6) 36 (42.4) 2.74 (1.75-4.28) 3.27 (2.04-5.23) <0.001
Family history of psychiatric illness      
No 1800 (76.1) 410 (22.8)    
Yes 566 (23.9) 180 (31.8) 1.58 (1.28-1.95) 1.65 (1.33-2.06) <0.001
Life-time attempted suicide      
No 2389 (99.3) 585 (24.5) 1   
Yes 17 (0.7) 14 (82.4) 14.39 (4.12-50.25) 13.52 (3.78-48.33) <0.001
Posttraumatic Stress disorder      
No 2122 (88.2) 447 (21.1) 1   
Yes 284 (11.8) 152 (53.5) 4.31 (3.34-5.57) 4.79 (3.65-6.29) <0.001
Generalized anxiety disorder      
No 2051 (85.2) 372 (18.1) 1   
Yes 355 (14.8) 227 (63.9) 8.00 (6.27-10.22) 7.48 (5.81-9.63) <0.001
Alcohol dependency disorder      
No 2244 (93.7) 554 (24.7) 1   
Yes 162 (6.7) 45 (27.8) 1.17 (0.82-1.68) 1.51 (1.01-2.26) 0.046