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Table 4 Unadjusted and adjusted associations between SDQ outcome (any psychiatric diagnosis) with child and parent socio-economic and health indicators

From: Risk of mental health and nutritional problems for left-behind children of international labor migrants

  Unadjusted Adjusted*
  Left-behind children Comparative children Left-behind children Comparative children
  OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI)
Child age
6-11 yrs 1 1 1 1
12-17 yrs 1.06 (0.98-1.13) 0.97 (0.90-1.05) 1.05 (0.98-1.13) 0.97 (0.90-1.04)
Child gender
Male 1 1 1 1
Female 0.58 (0.36-0.94) 0.54 (0.32-0.91) 0.60 (0.37-0.98) 0.54 (0.32-0.90)
Parent gender
Male 1 1 1 1
Female 0.70 (0.41-1.17) 0.75 (0.38-1.50) 0.72 (0.43-1.23) 0.80 (0.40-1.60)
Parent age
18-30 1 1 1 1
31-60 1.15 (0.46-2.90) 0.69 (0.32-1.47) 0.83 (0.31-2.20) 0.73 (0.31- 1.72)
61-above 2.37 (0.76-7.34) 1.46 (0.10-25.52) 1.65 (0.50-5.37) 1.61 (0.10-30.36)
Parent education
Secondary education 1 1 1 1
Primary education 1.26 (0.73-2.17) 1.25 (0.61-2.58) 1.19 (0.68-2.07) 1.30 (0.62-2.72)
No education 3.04 (1.17-7.90) 2.06 (0.28-14.96) 2.67 (1.01-7.02) 2.28 (0.30-17.07)
Parent employment
Employed 1 1 1 1
Unemployed 1.13 (1.00-1.27) 1.10 (0.97-1.25) 1.11 (0.98-1.25) 1.09 (0.95-1.24)
Family indebtedness
No (little or no debt) 1 1 1 1
Yes (significant levels of debt) 0.91 (0.56-1.47) 0.62 (0.38-1.02) 0.91 (0.56-1.48) 0.62 (0.37-1.02)
Parent general health
Excellent 1 1 1 1
Fair 0.67 (0.22-1.98) 2.13 (0.44-10.28) 0.57 (0.19-1.74) 2.18 (0.44-10.70)
Poor 1.33 (0.39-4.48) 0.88 (0.10-7.85) 1.04 (0.30-3.61)x 1.05 (0.11-9.65)
Parent current illness
Current diagnosed illness 1 1 1 1
No current illness 0.94 (0.83-1.06) 1.15 (0.97-1.36) 0.96 (0.84-1.08) 1.15 (0.97-1.37)
Parent mental illness
No mental illness 1 1 1 1
Having a mental illness 1.76 (1.00-3.16) 2.56 (1.09-5.97) 1.63 (0.89-2.96) 2.44 (1.03-5.80)
  1. Bold values are significant at p<0.001.
  2. *Adjusted for child age and child gender.