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Table 2 Comparison of predictors between full remission, persistent depression, and episode

From: Clinical predictors associated with full remission versus episode of major depressive disorder outpatients: the experience at a teaching hospital in Taiwan

   Full remission (n = 21) Persistent depression (n = 57) Episode (n = 22) P a P b
Categorical variables* n % n % n %   
Gender Male 11 52.4 18 31.6 8 36.4 0.29 0.09
  Female 10 47.6 39 68.4 14 63.6   
Education Junior high school or below 10 47.6 28 49.1 13 59.1 0.65 0.97
  Senior high school 6 28.6 17 29.8 6 27.3   
  College or above 5 23.8 12 21.0 3 13.6   
Fixed family income No 4 19.0 17 29.8 7 31.8 0.27 0.34
  Yes 17 81.0 40 70.2 15 68.2   
Employment Unemployed 15 71.4 31 54.4 15 68.2 0.54 0.33
  Employed 6 28.6 26 45.6 7 31.8   
Religion None 6 28.6 17 29.8 5 22.7 0.51 0.73
  Buddhism or Taoism 11 52.4 34 59.7 15 68.2   
  Others 4 19.0 6 10.5 2 9.1   
Marital Status Single 2 9.5 7 12.3 3 13.6 0.31 0.16
  Married 16 76.2 38 66.7 12 54.5   
  Other 3 14.3 12 21.0 7 31.8   
Number of previous episodes <4 5 23.8 9 15.8 1 4.5 0.07 0.41
  4 16 76.2 48 84.2 21 95.5   
Pharmaco-therapy No 3 14.3 19 33.3 4 18.2 0.66 0.08
  Yes 18 85.7 38 66.7 18 81.8   
Psychotherapy No 14 66.7 47 82.5 16 77.3 0.54 0.21
  Yes 7 33.3 10 17.5 6 22.7   
Hospitalization 0 12 57.1 30 52.6 12 54.4 0.50 0.80
(times) 1 6 28.6 15 26.3 4 18.2   
  2 3 14.3 12 21.1 6 27.3   
Continuous variables†   
Age (years) 57.1 ± 14.0 48.3 ± 13.8    47.7 ± 13.2 0.03 0.01
Psychosocial functioning 5.9 ± 4.0 15.6 ± 9.4    18.3 ± 9.2 <0.001 <0.001
Beliefs regarding antidepressant medication 44.5 ± 4.7 42.0 ± 4.0    41.3 ± 4.7 0.03 0.02
Self-efficacy 45.6 ± 9.7 36.6 ± 10.7    32.4 ± 10.5 <0.001 0.001
Neuroticism 19.5 ± 5.5 24.1 ± 5.9    25.5 ± 6.9 0.003 0.003
  1. *Categorical variables were compared with χ 2 tests.
  2. †Continuous variables were compared with independent sample t tests.
  3. ap value for χ 2 tests or t-tests, full remission v.s. episode.
  4. bp value for χ 2 tests or t-tests, full remission v.s. persistent depression.