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Table 2 Percentages of professionals, youth and parents believing in the harmfulness of first aid strategies for various disorders

From: First aid strategies that are helpful to young people developing a mental disorder: beliefs of health professionals compared to young people and parents

Group Depression 15 years Depression 21 years Depression with alcohol misuse 15 years Depression with alcohol misuse 21 years Social phobia 15 years Social phobia 21 years Psychosis 15 years Psychosis 21 years
Listen to problems in an understanding way
GPs 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Psychiatrists 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Psychologists 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nurses 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Youth 0.8 0.3 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.8 0.0
Parents 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0
Talk to firmly about getting act together
GPs 63.9 57.4 61.4 58.3 69.6 74.6 81.2 77.2
Psychiatrists 80.8 70.6 62.9 47.1 65.5 74.6 71.4 75.6
Psychologists 75.3 74.5 69.0 59.3 80.4 75.9 71.4 67.4
Nurses 89.5 83.5 79.7 66.1 92.7 75.0 81.8 67.7
Youth 34.7** 38.2** 25.5** 36.9** 44.7** 51.8* 33.0** 39.6**
Parents 46.5** 50.3* 44.5* 49.6 66.4 60.5 57.0* 62.2
Suggest seek professional help
GPs 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Psychiatrists 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.7 0.0 0.0 0.0
Psychologists 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nurses 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.6
Youth 11.5 7.3 10.4 6.5 21.0* 13.5 12.7 9.1
Parents 7.6 5.0 8.9 5.5 14.8 5.9 6.8 4.9
Make an appointment for person to see GP
GPs 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Psychiatrists 0.0 0.0 1.6 1.2 3.4 2.7 0.0 0.0
Psychologists 0.0 1.0 1.2 1.1 3.3 4.8 0.0 1.1
Nurses 1.3 2.6 0.0 0.0 1.8 4.4 2.3 1.6
Youth 22.2* 19.7* 23.3* 22.5* 28.8* 32.8* 24.6* 20.5*
Parents 7.6 5.0 8.9 5.6 14.8 5.9 6.8 4.9
Ask whether feeling suicidal
GPs 1.4 1.5 0.0 3.3 4.6 1.6 2.1 3.5
Psychiatrists 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.5 1.4 1.3 0.0
Psychologists 2.1 2.9 6.0 2.2 8.6 6.0 2.3 2.2
Nurses 0.0 1.3 0.0 1.6 1.8 6.0 0.0 0.0
Youth 34.1** 26.2* 32.7** 22.3* 33.8* 23.2* 35.7** 24.3*
Parents 23.0* 21.5* 21.6* 28.9* 30.6* 23.4* 23.5* 25.0*
Suggest have few drinks to forget troubles
GPs 97.2 97.1 100.0 98.3 97.8 83.6 100.0 98.2
Psychiatrists 94.5 92.9 100.0 100.0 98.3 89.0 96.0 91.0
Psychologists 96.9 97.1 97.7 94.5 95.7 89.3 97.7 92.7
Nurses 100.0 94.9 98.6 96.8 100.0 91.2 95.4 91.9
Youth 85.4 86.6 91.4 91.2 86.0 78.1 87.6 90.2
Parents 97.4 91.6 97.4 96.0 99.3 93.8 98.1 94.2
Rally friends to cheer up
GPs 1.4 7.4 0.0 0.0 20.0 10.0 8.3 15.8
Psychiatrists 2.7 2.4 6.4 3.5 1.7 16.4 20.8 10.4
Psychologists 4.3 7.0 3.5 7.8 15.2 20.2 19.8 13.7
Nurses 11.8 7.6 5.4 6.4 2.9 23.9 2.7 25.8
Youth 6.9 4.9 8.4 5.3 7.6 8.6 10.0 11.3
Parents 8.3 10.8 12.9 10.6 15.4 7.3 19.1 12.1
Ignore until gets over it
GPs 97.2 95.6 98.3 100.0 84.8 85.0 100.0 89.5
Psychiatrists 90.4 96.4 95.2 92.9 87.9 91.8 98.7 98.7
Psychologists 99.0 97.1 96.5 98.9 95.7 95.2 97.7 91.7
Nurses 96.0 100.0 98.6 96.8 98.2 92.6 100.0 100.0
Youth 91.0 94.2 89.9 94.5 94.6 95.0 90.2 93.2
Parents 96.0 95.5 97.0 98.2 95.3 94.0 98.3 96.8
Keep busy to keep mind off problems
GPs 6.9 8.8 12.1 16.7 17.4 11.5 25.0 31.6
Psychiatrists 21.9 17.9 16.1 15.3 24.1 15.1 32.5 23.4
Psychologists 19.8 15.7 20.9 17.8 17.2 18.8 27.6 22.1
Nurses 29.0 12.8 17.6 11.1 19.6 22.7 29.6 32.3
Youth 12.1 25.8 10.1 17.7 10.6 20.8 7.8 23.6
Parents 17.2 19.7 18.4 17.5 19.9 16.8 20.5 14.0
Encourage to become more physically active
GPs 0.0 1.5 0.0 1.7 0.0 1.6 6.2 3.5
Psychiatrists 5.5 0.0 1.6 1.2 0.0 0.0 5.2 5.2
Psychologists 2.1 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.2 3.4 2.1
Nurses 0.0 3.8 0.0 1.6 0.0 0.0 4.6 4.8
Youth 2.8 2.4 3.9 1.9 1.9 0.8 2.8 2.3
Parents 3.4 4.5 1.3 2.3 1.4 1.6 5.5 1.0
  1. *Difference from professionals is at least a medium effect size
  2. **Difference from professionals is at least a large effect size