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Table 1 Percentages of professionals, youth and parents believing in the helpfulness of first aid strategies for various disorders

From: First aid strategies that are helpful to young people developing a mental disorder: beliefs of health professionals compared to young people and parents

Group Depression 15 years Depression 21 years Depression with alcohol misuse 15 years Depression with alcohol misuse 21 years Social phobia 15 years Social phobia 21 years Psychosis 15 years Psychosis 21 years
Listen to problems in an understanding way
GPs 100.0 100.0 100.0 98.3 95.7 100.0 85.4 82.5
Psychiatrists 100.0 95.3 100.0 98.8 100.0 91.8 90.9 88.5
Psychologists 100.0 95.1 98.8 96.7 97.8 95.3 90.8 85.3
Nurses 100.0 97.5 98.6 96.8 100.0 98.5 88.4 91.9
Youth 95.9 96.8 94.1 97.0 95.4 97.0 96.5 96.2
Parents 99.0 97.6 99.9 99.5 98.9 98.8 97.7 94.4
Talk to firmly about getting act together
GPs 2.8 1.5 1.8 1.7 6.5 0.0 0.0 3.5
Psychiatrists 0.0 1.2 4.8 5.9 1.7 0.0 0.0 2.6
Psychologists 0.0 0.0 1.2 0.0 0.0 1.2 0.0 1.1
Nurses 1.3 0.0 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Youth 37.0** 29.5* 48.8** 35.6** 28.9* 25.0* 39.4** 30.3*
Parents 22.7* 21.9* 30.9* 27.1* 14.8 18.7* 21.0* 17.9
Suggest seek professional help
GPs 90.3 98.5 86.2 95.0 71.7 82.0 93.8 89.5
Psychiatrists 86.1 91.8 93.5 92.9 84.5 94.5 92.2 94.9
Psychologists 74.0 89.1 77.9 92.3 81.7 88.2 83.9 83.2
Nurses 76.3 84.8 87.8 92.1 71.4 88.2 76.7 83.6
Youth 68.5 75.1 70.3 72.3* 47.9* 64.4* 68.2* 74.8
Parents 73.3 84.4 72.8 85.2 66.3 74.9 77.9 81.1
Make an appointment for person to see GP
GPs 76.4 77.9 87.9 85.0 84.8 69.5 91.7 89.5
Psychiatrists 82.2 82.4 80.6 85.9 77.6 64.4 88.3 87.2
Psychologists 70.8 61.8 64.0 56.0 45.7 47.0 77.0 78.7
Nurses 77.6 75.6 82.4 72.6 50.9 55.9 81.8 80.6
Youth 53.7* 58.4 53.3* 55.7* 39.7* 48.4 50.6* 63.0*
Parents 91.4 88.8 83.2 91.6 77.4 80.1* 87.8 93.5
Ask whether feeling suicidal
GPs 83.3 92.6 82.8 85.0 52.3 63.9 68.8 73.7
Psychiatrists 79.5 78.8 85.5 81.2 56.1 54.2 81.8 84.6
Psychologists 59.4 67.6 61.4 73.3 39.8 44.0 70.1 63.4
Nurses 89.5 78.5 83.8 84.1 54.5 58.2 62.8 80.6
Youth 35.5** 44.4** 38.9** 49.8* 35.9 47.9 40.4** 51.8*
Parents 54.4* 48.7** 52.7* 52.2* 47.0 55.3 54.5 45.4**
Suggest have few drinks to forget troubles
GPs 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.6 0.0 0.0
Psychiatrists 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Psychologists 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.0 0.0 1.0
Nurses 0.0 3.8 0.0 1.6 0.0 1.5 0.0 0.0
Youth 5.6 5.4 3.5 3.5 5.4 10.0 4.4 4.2
Parents 0.2 2.3 0.1 2.5 0.0 1.6 0.1 0.7
Rally friends to cheer up
GPs 23.6 30.9 25.9 26.7 11.1 16.7 8.3 12.3
Psychiatrists 20.5 22.4 25.8 25.9 10.3 6.8 14.3 5.2
Psychologists 22.3 20.0 16.3 20.0 12.0 10.7 4.7 4.2
Nurses 17.1 15.2 8.1 11.3 8.9 9.0 0.0 6.5
Youth 74.2** 80.4** 76.8** 80.1** 80.8** 80.1** 75.9** 73.2**
Parents 60.4** 59.0** 54.8** 57.8** 65.4** 64.0** 57.6** 52.7**
Ignore until gets over it
GPs 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.2 0.0 0.0 3.5
Psychiatrists 4.1 0.0 1.6 2.4 1.7 0.0 0.0 0.0
Psychologists 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.1
Nurses 0.0 0.0 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Youth 2.6 1.1 2.0 1.7 0.6 1.1 1.6 2.0
Parents 0.6 2.6 0.1 0.7 0.2 0.4 0.0 0.4
Keep busy to keep mind off problems
GPs 6.9 13.2 8.6 15.0 15.2 9.8 6.3 7.0
Psychiatrists 5.5 16.7 9.7 7.1 6.9 9.6 5.2 3.9
Psychologists 9.4 9.8 8.1 13.3 9.7 4.7 2.3 4.2
Nurses 7.9 10.3 8.1 12.7 19.6 10.6 4.5 9.7
Youth 67.4** 49.9** 62.0** 55.0** 63.8** 51.7** 68.6** 50.4**
Parents 49.8** 47.3** 58.7** 45.1** 52.1** 46.9** 46.4** 55.5**
Encourage to become more physically active
GPs 75.0 80.9 72.4 78.3 76.1 78.7 39.6 33.3
Psychiatrists 52.1 54.1 61.3 64.7 63.8 57.5 29.9 18.2
Psychologists 71.9 75.4 64.0 82.4 61.3 61.2 32.2 31.6
Nurses 52.6 57.0 64.9 68.3 51.8 61.8 20.5 30.6
Youth 72.8 78.8 78.5 85.8 79.3 83.8* 77.6** 78.8**
Parents 80.9* 81.7 90.1* 88.2 88.7* 88.0* 77.9** 83.9**
  1. *Difference from professionals is at least a medium effect size
  2. **Difference from professionals is at least a large effect size