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Table 1 Demographic and clinical variables

From: Measuring cognitive insight in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder: a comparative study

  Schizophrenia (1) n = 143 Bipolar disorder (2) n = 92 Controls (3) n = 64 1 vs. 2 1 vs. 3 2 vs. 3
Male 83 (58.0) 40 (43.5) 25 (39.1) n.s <0.05 n.s.
Age 32.5 (9.5) 37.2 (11.4) 33.7 (11.7) <0.05 n.s. n.s.
GAF-S 42.8 (11.4) 61.2 (12.1)   <0.001   
GAF-F 43.8 (10.9) 61.6 (14.3)   <0.001   
PANSS delusions 3.0 (1.7) 1.4 (0.9)   <0.001   
PANSS hallucinations 2.6 (1.7) 1.2 (0.8)   <0.001   
PANSS pos 14.7 (5.9) 9.1 (2.9)   <0.001   
PANSS neg 14.4 (5.5) 10.1 (3.7)   <0.001   
PANSS total 58.3 (16.6) 43.6 (10.9)   <0.001   
IDS-C total 17.0 (12.5) 15.8 (12.6)   n.s.   
PANSS insight 2.6 (1.5) 1.5 (1.0)   <0.001   
  1. Male, per cent in parenthesis; for other variables, standard deviation in parenthesis; GAF-S, Global Assessment of Functioning – Symptom scale; Global Assessment of Functioning – Function scale; PANSS, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, delusions item, hallucinations item, positive symptoms subscale, negative symptoms subscale, total score; IDS-C, Inventory of Depressive Symptoms Scale-Clinician and PANSS insight item.