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Table 3 Pre-test/post-test results on outcome measurements (paired t-tests and effect sizes)

From: Improving communication and practical skills in working with inpatients who self-harm: a pre-test/post-test study of the effects of a training programme

  Pre-test Post-test    
  N M SD M SD t-statistic p (2-tailed) r
ADSHQ total (attitude) 171 95.56 5.14 98.67 5.89 -7.84 .000 .52
ADSHQ 1 (assessment and referral) 171 22.79 2.00 23.29 2.02 -3.09 .002 .23
ADSHQ 2 (dealing effectively) 171 16.60 2.30 18.11 1.90 -9.51 .000 .59
ADSHQ 3 (empathic approach) 171 16.33 1.52 16.80 1.62 -3.81 .000 .28
ADSHQ 4 (legal and hospital regulations) 171 17.85 2.11 17.54 2.60 1.85 .066 .14
SEDSHQ (self-efficacy) 174 92.59 16.61 101.77 15.73 -8.55 .000 .55
PCQ (patient-contact) 175 120.27 13.41 124.29 13.82 -5.45 .000 .38
  1. ADSHQ: Attitudes towards Deliberate Self-Harm Questionnaire.
  2. SEDSHQ: Self-Efficay in Dealing with Self-Harm Questionnaire.
  3. PCQ: Patient Contact Questionnaire.