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Table 3 Results from the hierarchical multiple regression analyses

From: Positive resources for combating depressive symptoms among Chinese male correctional officers: perceived organizational support and psychological capital

  Variables Block 1 (β) Block 2 (β) Block 3 (β)
Model 1 Model 2
FL-COs      
(N = 953) Age −0.015 −0.022 −0.034 −0.037
  Marital status 0.045 0.009 0.014 0.013
  Education −0.070* −0.045 −0.025 −0.028
  Monthly income 1 0.033 0.070 0.096* 0.099**
  Monthly income 2 0.046 0.054 0.078 0.080*
  POS   −0.405** −0.263** −0.257**
  PsyCap    −0.294**  
  Self efficacy     0.025
  Hope     −0.104*
  Resilience     −0.152**
  Optimism     −0.124**
  F 2.238* 32.993** 42.088** 31.043**
  Adjusted R2 0.006 0.168 0.232 0.240
  ΔR2 0.012* 0.161** 0.065** 0.075**
NFL-COs      
(N = 475) Age 0.016 0.010 0.000 −0.002
  Marital status −0.123* −0.125* −0.121* −0.119*
  Education −0.055 −0.051 −0.059 −0.056
  Monthly income 1 0.006 −0.011 −0.002 −0.001
  Monthly income 2 −0.005 −0.027 −0.025 −0.016
  POS   −0.327** −0.201** −0.204**
  PsyCap    −0.299**  
  Self efficacy     −0.093
  Hope     −0.040
  Resilience     −0.045
  Optimism     −0.195**
  F 1.726 11.102** 16.465** 12.152**
  Adjusted R2 0.008 0.113 0.186 0.190
  ΔR2 0.018 0.107** 0.073** 0.083**
  1. FL-COs: frontline correctional officers; NFL-COs: non-frontline correctional officers; POS: perceived organizational support; PsyCap: psychological capital.
  2. Marital status: married/cohabitation vs. single/widowed/divorced; Education: college or higher vs. junior college or lower; Monthly income 1: 3001–4000 yuan vs. ≤ 3000 yuan; Monthly income 2: > 4000 yuan vs. ≤ 3000 yuan.
  3. There were two models (Model 1 and Model 2) in Block 3. PsyCap was added in Model 1, and self efficacy, hope, resilience and optimism were added in Model 2.
  4. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01.