Skip to main content

Table 7 START vulnerabilities items related to outcomes

From: Susceptibility (risk and protective) factors for in-patient violence and self-harm: prospective study of structured professional judgement instruments START and SAPROF, DUNDRUM-3 and DUNDRUM-4 in forensic mental health services

START Harm to others 13/100 Harm to self 7/100
Vulnerabilities AUC 95% CI P OR 95% CI p AUC 95% CI p OR 95% CI p
Items   Lower upper    lower upper    lower upper    lower upper  
STV1 social skills .759 .621* .897 .003* 4.319 1.592 11.714 0.004 .617 .371 .864 .303 1.760 0.621 4.993 0.288
STV2 relationships .770 .639* .901 .002* 5.478 1.685 17.815 0.005 .680 .474 .886 .113 2.575 0.791 8.375 0.116
STV3 occupational .686 .525* .847 .031* 2.378 1.126 5.023 0.023 .525 .293 .756 .827 1.131 0.476 2.687 0.780
STV4 recreational .731 .592* .871 .007* 3.550 1.403 8.982 0.007 .568 .333 .802 .553 1.391 0.509 3.801 0.519
STV5 self-care .712 .560* .863 .014* 2.819 1.287 6.177 0.010 .600 .366 .834 .379 1.732 0.643 4.662 0.277
STV6 mental state .648 .489 .808 .085 2.092 0.921 4.749 0.078 .728 .577 .880 .045 3.949 0.967 16.129 0.056
STV7 emotional state .733 .597 .870 .007 3.457 1.428 8.365 0.006 .547 .328 .765 .682 1.263 0.469 3.397 0.644
STV8 substance use .677 .519 .835 .040 2.232 1.094 4.553 0.027 .576 .366 .786 .504 1.334 0.516 3.447 0.552
STV9 impulse control .795 .657 .933 .001 4.554 1.976 10.495 0.001 .708 .485 .931 .067 2.836 1.078 7.466 0.035
STV10 external triggers .784 .675 .893 .001 6.337 1.890 21.243 0.003 .690 .530 .851 .094 2.837 0.847 9.499 0.091
STV11 social support .699 .551 .848 .021 3.116 1.206 8.048 0.019 .530 .329 .730 .795 1.175 0.416 3.322 0.761
STV12 material resources .645 .487 .804 .092 2.044 0.931 4.489 0.075 .435 .212 .658 .566 0.714 0.233 2.189 0.555
STV13 attitudes .783 .662 .903 .001 4.103 1.705 9.875 0.002 .651 .429 .872 .185 1.992 0.790 5.034 0.144
STV14 medication adherence .613 .447 .778 .192 1.682 0.807 3.505 0.165 .533 .340 .725 .774 0.992 0.350 2.809 0.987
STV15 rule adherence .764 .625 .904 .002 3.799 1.671 8.637 0.001 .644 .434 .853 .207 1.992 0.732 5.051 0.185
STV16 conduct .811 .664 .957 .001 5.123 2.332 11.253 0.001 .671 .440 .902 .133 2.349 0.976 5.655 0.057
STV17 insight .641 .484 .797 .103 2.185 0.860 5.551 0.100 .528 .309 .746 .806 1.147 0.392 3.347 0.805
STV18 plans .687 .557 .817 .030 3.002 1.151 7.830 0.025 .599 .425 .772 .386 1.765 0.596 5.231 0.305
STV19 coping .686 .546 .826 .031 2.428 0.934 6.311 0.069 .582 .384 .780 .469 1.227 0.409 3.680 0.715
STV20 treatability .759 .621 .897 .003 2.614 1.103 6.194 0.029 .617 .371 .864 .303 1.481 0.554 3.964 0.434