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Table 3 Comparison of assessments of cognition and depression between patients with and without post-stroke apathy

From: Predictors of early post ischemic stroke apathy and depression: a cross-sectional study

  With apathy group Without apathy group p-value
(n = 25) (n = 50)
MMSE score 23.0 ± 4.9 26.7 ± 2.8 <0.001*
MoCA score 17.3 ± 5.4 21.6 ± 4.9 0.001*
MDRS I/P 27.2 ± 5.1 31.7 ± 5.0 0.001*
FAB 12.3 ± 3.8 13.9 ± 2.9 0.050
HAMD 6.2 ± 5.3 4.2 ± 3.2 0.046*
Stroop color-naming    
 B-Atime 73.3 ± 47.9 59.3 ± 43.3 0.208
 B-Anumber −6.6 ± 8.2 −3.3 ± 6.9 0.070
  1. * Indicates a significant difference between patients with and without post-stroke apathy, p < 0.01.
  2. p values are from independent two sample tests and data are displayed as mean ± standard deviation.
  3. Bonferroni corrections were used to reduce the chance of obtaining false-positive results.
  4. Abbreviations: MMSE Mini-mental state examination, MoCA Montreal cognitive assessment, MDRS I/P Mattis dementia rating scale initiation/preservation subset, FAB Frontal assessment battery, HAMD Hamilton depression scale.