Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Characteristics of bipolar depressed patients

From: Factors associated with chronic pain in patients with bipolar depression: a cross-sectional study

Sociodemographic variables N (%)
Sex (N=119) Male 45 (37.8)
Female 74 (62.2)
Age (N=113) Mean (SD) 50.69 (12.3)
Age groups (N=113) <40 19 (16.8)
40–49 34 (30.1)
50–59 36 (31.9)
60–69 15 (13.3)
≥70 9 (8.0)
Educational Level (N=119) Illiterate: No educational level completed 10 (8.4)
Primary 59 (49.6)
Secondary 31(25.6)
University 19 (15.7)
Marital status (N=119) Living with a partner 63 (52.9)
Divorced/Separated 24 (20.2)
Single 20 (16.5)
Widow(er) 12 (9.9)
Clinical variables
Number of depressive episodes (N=111) Mean (SD) 4.28 (3.08)
Median (P25;P75) 3.00 (2.0;6.0)
Duration of the current depressive episode (Months, N=29) Mean (SD) 11.48 (9.68)
Median (P25,P75) 7.00 (5.5,5.0)
Hamilton Scale score (N=121) Mean (SD) 25.21 (7.6)
Maier Scale score (N=116) Mean (SD) 11.98 (3.8)
Diagnostic group (N=121) Bipolar disorder only 85 (70.2)
Bipolar and other depressive disorders 36 (29.8)
Pain (N=121) No 59 (48.8)
Yes 62 (51.2)
Duration of pain (Months) (N=20) Mean (SD) 62.5 (90.9)
Median (P25,P75) 23 (6.0,90.6)
Intensity of pain (N=62) Mean (SD); (Min,Max) 67.5 (14.9); (41,100)
Median (P25,P75) 66.5 (56;78.5)
Interference of pain in the activities of daily living (N=62) Mean(SD); (Min,Max) 67.7 (21.2); (0,100)
Median (P25,P75) 67.9 (57.8,82.3)
Pain location (N=62) Head 41 (66.1)
Neck 41 (66.1)
Back 46 (74.2)
Limbs 42 (67.7)
Joints 40 (64.5)
Numbers of locations (N=61) Mean(SD) 3.44 (1.46)
1 8 (13.1)
2 10 (16.4)
3 12 (19.7)
4 9 (14.8)
5 22 (36.1)
Known Aetiology of pain (N=57) No 27 (47.4)
  Yes 30 (52.6)
  1. SD, standard deviation; P25, 25th percentile; P75, 75th percentile.