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Table 1 Sample characteristics

From: Prevalence of psychological distress and associated factors in tuberculosis patients in public primary care clinics in South Africa

Socio-demographics Total Psychological distress (≥28) Psychological distress (≥16)
N % N % N %
All 4900   1614 32.9 3970 81.0
Gender
Male 2631 54.5 888 33.8 2127 80.8
Female 2194 45.5 706 32.2 1786 81.4
Age
18-30 1769 36.6 525 29.7 1389 78.5
31-44 2078 41.8 663 32.9 1636 81.1
45 or more 1040 21.5 396 38.1 886 85.2
Marital status
Never married 3323 72.7 1127 33.6 2723 81.1
Married/cohabitating 982 21.5 298 29.8 785 78.4
Separated/divorced/widowed 265 5.8 102 37.1 235 85.5
Never married 3323 72.7 1127 33.6 2723 81.1
Married/cohabitating 982 21.5 298 29.8 785 78.4
Separated/divorced/widowed 265 5.8 102 37.1 78.4 85.5
Education
Grade 7 or less 1269 26.3 487 38.4 1091 86.0
Grade 8-11 2213 45.9 683 30.9 1804 81.5
Grade 12 or more 1336 27.7 418 31.3 1000 74.9
Poverty index (5–20)
Low (5) 1592 35.0 422 26.1 1238 76.6
Medium (6–12) 2195 48.2 757 34.0 1782 80.0
High (13–20) 768 16.9 334 43.0 698 89.9
Population group
Black African 4078 84.6 1402 34.4 3322 81.5
Coloured 634 13.1 158 24.9 488 77.0
Indian/Asian/White or other 114 2.3 35 31.5 89 80.2
Health variables
New TB patient 3650 76.6 1219 32.9 2971 80.1
Retreatment TB patient 1113 23.4 380 33.7 944 83.7
HIV positive 2585 59.9 874 33.4 2175 83.0
HIV negative 1728 40.1 555 31.6 1370 77.9
HIV unknown 385 9.6 143 37.1 312 81.0
Partner HIV positive 1192 27.2 427 35.3 1010 83.5
Partner HIV negative or unknown status 3194 72.8 1067 32.9 2590 79.8
Daily or almost daily tobacco use 980 20.0 363 37.0 795 81.1
Hazardous or harmful alcohol use 1120 23.3 380 33.9 941 84.0
Perceived health status
Excellent/very good 912 19.1 350 37.7 746 80.4
Good 1646 34.6 388 23.3 1244 74.6
Fair/poor 2205 46.3 870 38.9 1916 85.6
On antiretroviral therapy 974 22.1 342 37.7 769 84.9
Adherence
Non-adherence to TB treatment 1138 33.9 368 32.3 903 79.3
Non-adherence to ART 410 42.1 170 41.5 341 83.4