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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of participants at baseline (N = 121)

From: Relationship between depressive symptom severity and emergency department use among low-income, depressed homebound older adults aged 50 years and older

Age, mean (SD) 65.21 (+9.22)
(range: 50-89)  
Age group (n, %)  
50-59 38 (31.4)
60-69 48 (39.7)
70+ 35 (28.9)
Gender (n, %)  
Male 27 (22.3)
Female 94 (77.7)
Race/ethnicity (n, %)  
Non-Hispanic White 50 (41.3)
Black 41 (33.9)
Hispanic 30 (24.8)
SCID diagnosis (n, %)  
Major Depressive disorder 81 (67.0)
Depressive disorder, NOS 35 (28.9)
Dystymia 5 (4.1)
Living arrangement (n, %)  
Living alone 77 (63.6)
Not living alone 44 (36.4)
Family income (n, %)  
<= 15,000 77 (63.6)
15,001-25,000 25 (20.7)
25,001-50,000 12 (9.9)
Don’t know/refused 7 (5.8)
Insurance coverage (n, %)  
Medicare 96 (79.3)
Medicaid 40 (33.1)
Private insurance (past employer-provided) 18 (14.9)
Veterans administration insurance 14 (11.6)
Family support1 16.05 (+5.97)
(range: 0-26)  
Depression severity (HAMD score), mean (SD) 24.55 (+6.62)
(range: 15-42)  
No. of diagnosed medical conditions, mean (SD) 3.19 (+1.54)
Chronic pain (n, %)  
Yes 106 (87.5)
No 15 (12.4)
Pain frequency2 7.75 (3.40)
RCT group (n, %)  
Tele-PST 43 (35.5)
In-person PST 42 (34.7)
Telephone support call 36 (29.8)
  1. 1The possible ranges of the score are 0–30.
  2. 2The possible ranges of the score are 0–10, with 0 = no pain, 1 = very.
  3. Infrequently, like once a week, to 10 = all the time.