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Table 5 Adjusted Associations between Demographic, and Substance Use Related Variables on Attribution Questionnaire Items

From: Negative attributions towards people with substance use disorders in South Africa: Variation across substances and by gender

Variables Attribution stereotype
  Pity Dangerous Blame Anger Help Segregation Avoidance
  β p-value β p-value β p-value β p-value β p-value β p-value β p-value
Gender 0.04 0.33 0.03 0.49 0.04 0.35 0.08 0.03* −0.01 0.72 −0.02 0.56 0.06 0.09
Age 0.12 0.01* −0.04 0.54 0.8 0.11 0.05 0.28 −0.10 0.04* 0.02 0.67 0.02 0.62
Education (not completed high school) −0.67 0.93 0.02 0.45 −0.01 0.93 −0.09 0.02* 0.07 0.46 −0.20 0.62 −0.03 0.40
Employment (no) −0.10 0.01* −0.03 0.39 −0.06 0.15 −0.02 0.64 −0.03 0.45 −0.01 0.85 0.03 0.38
Race (black)
Coloured 0.01 0.75 0.02 0.64 0.06 0.15 −0.02 0.65 −0.10 0.01* −0.11 0.01 0.03 0.41
White −0.50 0.22 −0.06 0.17 −0.02 0.66 −0.06 0.13 −0.10 0.01* −0.20 0.01 0.06 0.14
Marital Status (no) −0.03 0.51 0.03 0.48 0.04 0.33 0.01 0.93 0.11 0.02* 0.03 0.53 0.03 0.49
Substance Use ASSIST Score 0.20 0.66 −0.04 0.37 0.01 0.78 0.02 0.64 −0.09 0.03* −0.02 0.54 0.09 0.02*
Received Treatment for substance use (no) 0.00 0.99 −0.01 0.84 0.08 0.03* 0.06 0.11 −0.07 0.08 0.02 0.59 −0.01 0.88
Know someone with substance use problem (no) 0.05 0.20 0.02 0.65 −0.05 0.24 −0.05 0.20 −0.04 0.27 0.04 0.34 0.05 0.21
Vignette (ref alcohol)
Marijuana Vignette (yes) 0.03 0.51 −0.09 0.04* −0.06 0.17 0.00 0.99 0.01 0.99 0.01 0.96 −0.01 0.90
Methamphetamine Vignette (yes) 0.02 0.67 0.01 0.93 −0.08 0.10 −0.08 0.07 −0.01 0.89 0.02 0.75 0.02 0.71
Heroin Vignette (yes) 0.03 0.50 −0.04 0.45 −0.05 0.28 −0.06 0.16 −0.04 0.27 0.04 0.36 0.70 0.13