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Table 2 Factor solution with items

From: "Coercion Experience Scale" (CES) - validation of a questionnaire on coercive measures

Factors and items Factor loading
Humiliation Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 Factor 4 Factor 5 Factor 6
S24. Others made decisions .87 -.02 .06 .16 .02 -.02
S25. Having to obey the orders of others .85 -.01 .02 .10 .08 .15
S22. Dignity taken away .81 .12 .05 .24 .24 .11
HR3. Restrictions ability to move - experience .69 .29 .37 -.03 -.02 .00
S26. Wishes not taken into account .68 .03 .23 .20 .12 .18
S23. Being dealt like an animal .68 .13 .08 .35 .25 .17
HR1. Restrictions to human dignity .66 .18 .38 .02 -.08 .21
S3. Not understanding why being exposed to coercion .65 .19 .16 -.02 .10 .17
HR5. Restrictions to autonomy - experience .64 .06 .37 -.05 -.03 .09
S28. Not knowing what to expect .63 .31 .38 .10 .10 .08
HR2. Restrictions to ability to move - extent .62 .28 .32 -.18 -.03 .17
HR4. Restrictions to autonomy - extent .60 -.02 .31 .01 -.08 .10
S1. Not able to move .60 .35 .36 -.01 .05 -.02
S13. Complete situation shameful .53 .12 .01 .23 .06 .26
S21. Fear measure would last forever .51 .09 .43 .26 .32 -.21
Physical adverse effects       
S1. Passing urine/defecation uncomfortable .19 .78 .21 .21 .02 .18
S7. Pain .01 .60 .01 .10 .15 .00
S16. Washing/body hygiene in presence/by aid of staff .28 .28 .51 -.11 .12 .33 -.16
S11. Passing urine/defecation shameful .30 .50 -.02 .28 -.22 .15
Interpersonal separation       
HR9. Restrictions to interpersonal contact - experience .28 .28 .06 .78 .06 .15 .19
HR8. Restrictions to interpersonal contact - extent .32 .32 .05 .68 .14 .15 .23
Negative environmental influences       
S8. Warmth/coldness in the room .09 .25 .16 .65 .05 .06
S3. Colours/light of the room .32 .26 .06 .60 -.06 -.11
S2. Bad air in the room .20 .17 -.03 .58 .12 .06
S9. Not able to sleep well .24 .17 .25 .53 -.17 -.01
S18. Fear not to get enough air .09 .05 .19 .51 .41 -.05
Fear       
S19. Afraid to die .13 .01 .13 .01 .13 .01
S2. Afraid to get killed .25 .04 .25 .04 .25 .04
Coercion       
HR6. Restrictions to physical inviolability - extent .38 .38 .14 .22 .04 .00 .69
HR7. Restrictions to physical inviolability - experience .41 .41 .11 .24 -.04 .02 .61