Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Sample characteristics

From: "Coercion Experience Scale" (CES) - validation of a questionnaire on coercive measures

Patients Secluded (N = 60) Mechanically restrained (n = 42)
Age   
Mean 40.3 39.3
StdDev. 11.6 12.8
Gender   
Male 27 (45.0%) 23 (54.8%)
Female 33 (55.0%) 19 (45.2%)
Diagnoses (only first diagnosis)   
F2 (total) 40 (66.6%) 26 (61.9%)
F3 10 (16.7%) 9 (21.4%)
F6 10 (16.7%) 7 (16.7%)
F2 in detail:   
F20 26 (43.3%) 14 (33.3%)
F23 2 (3.3%) 4 (9.6%)
F25 12 (20.0%) 8 (19.0%)
Chronicity (Number of former hospitalisations)   
median 5.00 3.00
Min. 0.00 0.00
Max 90 33
Mean 9.85 5.9
StdDev. 17.0 8.2
Family Status   
Unmarried 33 (55.0%) 21 (50.0)
Married 6 (10.0%) 11 (26.2%)
Long-term relationship 3 (5.0%) 2 (4.8%)
Divorced 11 (18.3%) 7 (16.7%)
Live apart 6 (10.0%) 1 (2.4%)
widowed 1 (1.7%) 0
Educational Status   
No graduation 3 (5.0%) 2 (4.8%)
Secondary 38 (63.3%) 24 (57.1%)
Higher 16 (26.7%) 13 (31.0%)
University degree 3 (5.0%) 3 (7.1%)
Employment   
Full-time employee 7 (10.9%) 4 (8.0%)
Part time employee 4 (6.3%) 7 (14.0%)
Unemployed 12 (18.8%) 8 (16.0%)
Registered as jobless 5 (7.8%) 5 (10.0%)
Sheltered workshop 7 (10.9%) 6 (12.0%)
Pensioner 17 (26.6%) 8 (16.0%)
Others 12 (18.8%) 12 (24.0%)
Psychopathological symptoms   
Start of intervention (mean) 19.5 22
End of intervention (mean) 9.3 6.9
Time intervention-interview   
median 30 27
Min. 3 2
Max 114 404
Mean 33.5 40.1
StdDev. 25.2 62.2
Former coercive interventions   
Former mechanical restraint 46.7% 45.2%
Former seclusion 51.7% 31.0%
Former forced medication 45.0% 42.9%